Definitions - 19.08

19.08 - Definitions

19.08.010 Construction:

The words and terms used, defined, interpreted, or further described in this title may be construed as follows:

  1. The word “lot” includes “plot” or “parcel”.
  2. “Occupied” or “used” shall be construed to also include “intended, arranged, or designed to be used or occupied.”

19.08.020 General application:

The specific words and terms designated in this chapter are defined as set forth in Sections 19.08.030 Accessory buildings, structures through 19.08.670 Use by right of this Chapter.

19.08.030 Accessory buildings, structures:

“Accessory buildings or structures” means a building or structure on the same lot with the building or structure housing the principal use, but housing a use customarily incidental and subordinate to and customarily associated with the principal use.

19.08.040 Accessory use:

“Accessory use” means a use customarily associated with, but subordinate to the principal use on the same zone lot.

19.08.050 Advertising device, outdoor:

“Outdoor advertising device” means a building or structure either independent of or attached to another building or structure and which is shaped, painted, or made in such a way as to advertise a commodity, place, or service or to support a pasted, painted or attached advertisement for any commodity, place, or service.

19.08.060 Alley:

“Alley” means a minor right-of-way dedicated to public use, which gives a secondary means of vehicular access to the back or side of properties otherwise abutting a street and which may be used for public utility purposes.

19.08.070 All-weather surface:

“All-weather surface” means a surface approved by the town engineer and consisting either of a concrete or asphalt pavement or of crushed rock or road base covered with gravel (Class VI per Colorado State Highway specifications).

19.08.080 Building:

“Building” means any structure, either temporary or permanent, having a roof or other covering, and designed or used for the shelter or enclosure of any person, animal or property of any kind, including vehicles situated on private property and used for purposes of a building, but excluding fences.

19.08.090 Building height:

“Building height,” means the vertical distance as measured from the average finished grade at the building setback lines to the point lying one-half (1/2) of the distance between the lowest and highest points of the roof.

19.08.100 Building, principal:

“Principal building” means a building in which is conducted the main or principal use of the lot on which said building is situated.

19.08.110 Business:

“Business” means the engaging in of purchase, sale, barter, or exchange of goods, wares, merchandise, or service; the maintenance or operation of offices or recreational or amusement enterprises.

19.08.120 Commission:

“Commission” means the Rangely planning and zoning commission.

19.08.130 Comprehensive development plan:

“Comprehensive development plan” means the comprehensive development plan or master plan for the town, which has been officially adopted to provide long-range development policies for the town.

19.08.140 Dwelling, multi-unit or multi-family:

“Multi-unit, multi-family dwelling” means a building used by two or more families living independently of each other in separate dwelling units, but not including hotels or motels.

19.08.150 Dwelling, single-family:

“Single-family dwelling” means a detached principal building other than a mobile home designed for and used as a dwelling exclusively by one family as an independent living unit.

19.08.160 Dwelling unit:

“Dwelling unit” means one room or rooms connected together, constituting a separate, independent housekeeping establishment for owner occupancy or rental or lease on a monthly or longer basis.

19.08.170 Equivalent performance engineering basis:

“Equivalent performance engineering basis” means that by using engineering calculations or testing, following commonly accepted engineering practices, all components and subsystems will perform to meet health, safety, and functional requirements to the same extent as required for other single family housing units.

19.08.180 Family:

“Family” means one or more persons occupying a common household, but not including boarding houses or rooming houses, lodges, clubs, hotels, or fraternities.

19.08.190 Fence:

“Fence” means a freestanding structure of metal, masonry, composition, or wood, or any combination thereof, resting on or partially buried in the ground and rising above ground level, used for confinement, screening or decorative purposes.

19.08.200 Frontage:

“Frontage” means that portion of a lot, parcel, tract or block abutting upon a street.

19.08.210 Garage, commercial or public:

“Commercial, public garage” means any building or structure where automobiles, trucks, or commercial vehicles are stored, repaired, painted or equipped for a remuneration.

19.08.220 Garage, private:

“Private garage” means a detached accessory building or portion of a main building used for the storage of vehicles where the capacity does not exceed three vehicles per family. No more than one-third of the total number of vehicles stored in such garage shall be commercial vehicles.

19.08.230 Gas station:

“Gas station” means a place where motor vehicle fuels are sold at retail.

19.08.240 Floor area, gross:

“Gross floor area,” means the sum of all of the roofed-over floor areas of a building, measured from its exterior walls, and including all accessory buildings on the same lot.

19.08.250 Home occupation:

“Home occupation” means any use customarily performed within a dwelling by the inhabitants thereof, but which is incidental to the residence use. Such home occupation use shall have no external evidence, except a sign as permitted in Chapter 19.44 Signs and Outdoor Advertising Devices of Title 19 Zoning.

19.08.260 Hotel:

“Hotel” means a building containing sleeping rooms designed to be rented for a short-term occupancy and which may or may not have eating or drinking facilities as an accessory use.

19.08.270 Junk:

“Junk” means scrap iron, scrap tin, scrap brass, scrap copper, scrap lead, or scrap zinc, and all other scrap metals and their alloys, boxes, rags, used cloth, used rubber, used rope, used tin foil, used bottles, old cotton, used machinery, used tools, used appliances, used fixtures, used utensils, used boxes or crates, used pipe or pipe fittings, used automobiles or airplane parts and other manufactured goods that are so worn, deteriorated, or obsolete as to make them unusable in their existing condition; and all other products subject to being dismantled or recycled.

19.08.280 Junkyard:

“Junkyard” means a building, structure or parcel of land or portion thereof used for the collection, storage, or sale of junk.

19.08.290 Kennel:

“Kennel” means any building, structure or open space devoted wholly or partially to the raising, boarding, or harboring of four or more animals that are over three months old.

19.08.300 Lot:

“Lot” means a parcel of land occupied or designed to be occupied by one or more buildings, structures or uses arranged so as to meet all of the requirements of this title, and facing upon a public street. A lot may or may not coincide with plots or a subdivision plat.

19.08.310 Lot area:

“Lot area” means total horizontal area within the lot lines of a lot.

19.08.320 Lot, corner:

“Corner lot” means a lot abutting upon two (2) or more streets at their intersection or upon two parts of the same street and where, in either case, the interior angle formed by the intersection of street lines does not exceed one hundred thirty-five (135) degrees.

19.08.330 Lot coverage:

“Lot coverage,” means the percent of the total lot area available for bulk or buildings.

19.08.340 Lot depth:

“Lot depth,” means the average horizontal distance between front and rear lot lines.

19.08.350 Lot, double frontage:

“Double frontage lot” means a lot which runs through a block from street to street and which has two (2) nonintersecting sides abutting on two (2) or more streets.

19.08.360 Lot line, front:

“Front lot line” means the property line dividing a lot from the right-of-way of the street. For a corner lot, the front lot line shall be designated by the building inspector after considering orientation and setbacks of existing residences; the remaining lot line facing the street shall be subject to setbacks designated for “side yards facing streets”, Section 19.32.020 Yard and bulk requirements of this Title.

19.08.370 Lot line, rear:

“Rear lot line” means, except on a double frontage lot, the property line opposite the front lot line.

19.08.380 Lot line, side:

“Side lot line” means any lot line other than a front or rear lot line.

19.08.390 Lot width:

 “Lot width” means the distance on a horizontal plane between the side lot lines on a lot measured at right angles to the line establishing the lot depth at the established building setback line.

19.08.400 Manufactured home:

“Manufactured home” means a single family dwelling which:

  1. Is partially or entirely manufactured in a factory;
  2. Is not less than twenty (20) feet in width and twenty-four (24) feet in length;
  3. Is installed on an engineered permanent foundation;
  4. Has brick, wood, or cosmetically equivalent exterior siding and a pitched roof;
  5. Is certified pursuant to the “National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974”, 42 U.S.C. 5401 et seq., as amended;
  6. Meets or exceeds on an equivalent performance engineering basis, standards established by the Building Code;
  7. Is skirted or has a permanent perimeter enclosure at its base.

19.08.410 Motel:

“Motel” means a hotel which usually is arranged in such a manner that individual guestrooms are directly accessible from an automobile parking area.

19.08.420 Nonconforming:

“Nonconforming” means legally existing at the time of passage of the provisions of title19 Zoning, but failing to meet all the requirements of this title or any amendment thereto.

19.08.430 Off-street loading area:

“Off street loading area” means a space located outside of a public street or alley for the discharge of passengers, or a space directly accessible to the building it serves for bulk pickup and deliveries of delivery vehicles.

19.08.440 Off street parking area:

“Off street parking area” means any parking area located wholly within the limits of one (1) or more lots.

19.08.450 Office:

“Office” means a room or group of rooms in which business, financial, professional or governmental administration and/or services are conducted, including legal, medical, banking, real estate sales, and other such services. Office use does not include activities such as retail sales, amusement services, medical clinics, repair services or product processing or fabrication.

19.08.460 Parking space:

“Parking space” means a rectangular area containing not less than two hundred (200) square feet with maneuvering and access space required for the standard American automobile to park within the rectangle.

19.08.470 Parsonage:

“Parsonage” means a single-family dwelling or manufactured home as defined in this Chapter 19.08 Definitions owned by the church for its pastor and located adjacent to or in the immediate proximity of the church structure.

19.08.480 Permitted use:

“Permitted use,” means a use specifically allowed in one (1) or more of the various districts without the necessity of obtaining a use permit.

19.08.490 Plat:

“Plat” means a subdivision as it is represented as a formal document by drawings and writing.

19.08.500 Public hearing:

“Public hearing” means a meeting called by a public body for which public notice has been given and which is held in a place in which the general public may attend to hear issues and express its opinions.

19.08.510 PUD (planned unit development):

“PUD (planned unit development)” means a project of a single owner or a group of residences or businesses or industries and associated uses, planned as a single entity and, therefore, subject to development and regulation as one land use unit rather than as an aggregation of individual buildings located in separate lots.

19.08.520 Right-of-way, private:

‘Private right-of-way” means all streets, roadways, sidewalks, alleys, and all other areas reserved on private property for present or future use by vehicles and pedestrians in a mobile home park. Any street or roadway less than twenty (20) feet in width shall be deemed one-way.

19.08.530 Right-of-way, public:

"Public right-of-way” means all streets, roadways, sidewalks, alleys, and all other areas reserved for present or future use by the public as a matter of right for the purpose of vehicular or pedestrian travel.

19.08.540 Screening:

“Screening,” means decorative fencing, evergreen hedges, or earth berms maintained for the purpose of concealing from view the area behind such screening.

19.08.550 Setback:

"Setback” means the distance required by this title between the exterior wall of a building and the lot line opposite that wall measured perpendicular from such lot line.

19.08.560 Special review use:

“Special review use” means a use that would not impair the public health, safety, or welfare in one (1) or more zones, but would impair the integrity of the character of the zone in which it is located or in adjoining zones unless restrictions on location, size, extent, and character of performance are imposed in addition to those imposed in the zoning regulations.

19.08.570 Street:

“Street” means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way which provides for public use for the purpose of vehicular and pedestrian traffic and placement of utilities and including the terms “road,” "highway", “lane,” “place,” “avenue,” or other similar designation, but not including the term “alley”.

19.08.580 Street, cul-de-sac:

“Cul-de-sac street” means a local street having one end open to vehicular traffic and having one end closed and terminated by a turnaround.

19.08.590 Streets, arterial:

“Arterial streets” means streets serving major traffic movements, which are designed primarily as traffic carriers, which may or may not stop in the town area.

19.08.600 Streets, collector:

“Collector streets” means streets that carry traffic from local streets to the arterial system.

19.08.610 Structural alteration:

“Structural alteration” means any addition to or subtraction of parts of a building, including walls or partitions, foundations, columns, beams, girders, or any structural change in the roof.

19.08.620 Structure

“Structure” means anything constructed or erected with a fixed location from the ground, not including utility poles and flagpoles or fences less than four feet high.

19.08.630 Subdivider (or developer)

“Subdivider, developer” means any person, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, person in a representative capacity, or other legal entity or legal representative who participates in any manner in the dividing of land for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of sale or building development.

19.08.640 Subdivision:

“Subdivision” means the division of a lot, tract, or parcel of land into two or more lots, plots, sites, or other divisions of land for the purpose, whether immediate or future, of sale or building development, whether residential, industrial, business or other use. The term also includes and refers to any division of land previously subdivided or platted.

19.08.650 Unimproved parking area:

"Unimproved parking area” means any parcel of land, lot, or area used for parking but not provided with a durable and dustless surface.

19.08.660 Use:

“Use” means the purpose for which land or a structure is designed, arranged, or intended, or for which it is occupied or maintained.

19.08.670 Use-by-right:

Use-by-right. Means any use listed as the principal permitted use in this title in any given zone district.