Enhanced State Hazard Mitigation Plan (E-SHMP)

E-SHMP Information

The E-SHMP is a mitigation plan for all Colorado state agencies that documents sustained, proven commitment to hazard mitigation. The plan acknowledges the coordinated efforts the state currently is taking to reduce losses, protect life and property, and create safer communities. The plan was approved by FEMA on April 8, 2020. 

The plan must demonstrate that the state has developed a comprehensive and integrated mitigation program, effectively uses available mitigation funding, and is capable of managing the increased funding. A state with a FEMA approved E-SHMP at the time of a disaster declaration is eligible to receive increased funds under the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP), based on twenty percent of the total estimated eligible Stafford Act disaster assistance.

Plan Executive Summary

Hazard mitigation helps to reduce or eliminate potential losses from future disasters. Hazard mitigation planning helps to establish and maintain a process that leads to the implementation of hazard mitigation actions. The State of Colorado is intimately familiar with the impacts of
hazards on its residents, visitors, infrastructure and economy. This 2018 update to the State’s Hazard Mitigation Plan (State Plan) again re-affirms the state’s commitment to continual improvements to its statewide mitigation strategy and program.

The hazard mitigation planning process began with the identification of a broad-reaching State Hazard Mitigation Team (SHMT), which helped to guide the development of the State Plan. The next steps involved a detailed identification of all-natural, technological and human-caused hazards that can impact Colorado and an assessment of the vulnerability, and ultimately the risk, presented by those hazards. The next stage included a thorough evaluation of the state’s current mitigation capabilities, followed by an update to the state’s mitigation strategy. This strategy identified eight overarching mitigation goals, and related mitigation objectives, that define Colorado’s path forward to implementing hazard mitigation. 

Mitigation Goals

  • Minimize the loss of life and personal injuries from all-hazard events 
  • Reduce losses and damages to state, tribal, and local governments, as well as special districts and private assets, and support similar local efforts 
  • Reduce federal, state, tribal, local, and private costs of disaster response and recovery 
  • Support mitigation initiatives and policies that promote disaster resiliency, nature-based solutions, cultural resources and historic preservation, and climate adaptation strategies 
  • Minimize interruption of essential services and activities 
  • Incorporate equity considerations into all mitigation strategies 
  • Support improved coordination of risk mitigation between and among the public, private, and non-profit sectors
  • Create awareness and demand for mitigation as a standard of practice

These goals helped the SHMT to identify new and on-going mitigation actions that specific state agencies plan to implement over the next five years. The final and most important piece of the State Plan is defining the path forward. Through the planning process, a clear process for implementation and maintenance has been defined. 

The State Plan addresses each required element of 44 CFR § 201.4 and also includes information required in 44 CFR § 201.5 to meet the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) “Enhanced” plan criteria. Pending approval of the “Enhanced” plan elements, Colorado will become eligible for increased federal funding for state and local mitigation projects.