State Board of Pharmacy: Prescriptive/Drug Procurement Authority Table

Medical Professionals Authorized to Prescribe Medication Under Colorado Law


Acupuncturist

Degree: Diploma program in acupuncture and oriental medicine accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM).

Requirements: Colorado License

Prescriptive Authority: May not prescribe a prescription drug or controlled substance.

Procurement Authority: Acupuncturists may procure, but not prescribe, sodium chloride (saline), sterile water, glucose, d-glucose, dextrose, lidocaine, procaine, marcaine, vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), traumeel, sarapin, enzymes (except urokinase), homeopathic substances within the U.S. Pharmacopia, hyaluronic acid, minerals, epinephrine, and medical oxygen from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer.


Advanced Practice Registered Nurse

Degree: RN

Requirements: 

  • Colorado Registered Nurses listed on the Board of Nursing Advanced Practice Registry who have been issued a Prescriptive Authority number (RXN) by the Board of Nursing.
  • Patients within nurse's area of practice.
  • May practice independently without a supervising physician.
  • Must have own DEA registration number to prescribe controlled substances.

Prescriptive Authority: 

  • Patients within nurse's area of practice.
  • May practice independently without a supervising physician.
  • Must have own DEA registration number to prescribe controlled substances. 

Procurement Authority: May procure any drug from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer for which there is an authority to prescribe the drug.


Dentist

Degree: DDS, DMD

Requirements: Colorado License

Prescriptive Authority: Any drug necessary to the proper practice of dentistry.

Procurement Authority: May procure any drug from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer for which there is an authority to prescribe the drug.


Dental Hygienist

Degree: RDH

Requirements: Colorado License

Prescriptive Authority: Fluoride (supplements, rinses, varnish, topicals), antimicrobial solutions for mouth rinsing, and other non-systemic antimicrobial agents in collaboration with a licensed dentist.

Procurement Authority: May procure any drug from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer for which there is an authority to prescribe the drug.


Direct-Entry Midwife

Degree: CPM

Requirements: Colorado Registration and Designated Authority as detailed below.

Prescriptive Authority: May not prescribe a prescription drug or controlled substance.

Procurement Authority:

  • Direct-entry midwives with an MWM authority may procure, but not prescribe, only vitamin K, rhoD immune globulin, oxytocin, methylergonovine, misoprostol and erythromycin ophthalmic ointment from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer.
  • Direct-entry midwives with an MIV authority may procure, but not prescribe, only 0.9% sodium chloride and lactated ringers intravenous solution from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer.

Naturopathic Doctor

Degree: ND

Requirements: Colorado Registration

Prescriptive Authority: May prescribe epinephrine only.

Procurement Authority: Naturopathic doctors may procure, but not prescribe, barrier contraceptives, medical oxygen, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, epinephrine, local anesthetics (with or without epinephrine), topical antiseptics, sterile water, normal saline and vaccines from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer.


Optometrist

Degree: OD

Requirements: Colorado License and Certification as a Therapeutic Optometrist (TPA)

Prescriptive Authority: 

  • May prescribe any prescription drug or Schedule ll narcotic controlled substances limited to hydrocodone combination drugs, Schedule III, IV or V narcotic controlled substance for the treatment of ocular disease.
  • May not prescribe injectable drugs except for epinephrine.

Procurement Authority: May procure any drug from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer for which there is an authority to prescribe the drug.


Physician

Degree: MD, DO

Requirements: Colorado License

Prescriptive Authority: 

  • Any drug within the course of legitimate professional practice.
  • May not prescribe any Schedule II controlled substance for self or family except in an emergency.

Procurement Authority: May procure any drug from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer for which there is an authority to prescribe the drug.


Physician Assistant

Degree: Masters or Equivalent

Requirements: Colorado Certification by Medical Board

Prescriptive Authority: 

  • Must be within scope of practice of supervising physician.
  • Prescription orders for controlled substances must contain the name of the supervising physician in addition to the other information required for prescription orders.
  • Must have own DEA registration number to prescribe controlled substances.

Podiatrist

Degree: DPM

Requirements: Colorado License

Prescriptive Authority: Any drug within the course of legitimate professional practice.

Procurement Authority: May procure any drug from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer for which there is an authority to prescribe the drug.


Veterinarian

Degree: DVM

Requirements: Colorado License

Prescriptive Authority: Independent Authority for any drug within the course of legitimate professional practice.

Procurement Authority: May procure any drug from an in-state prescription drug outlet, Board-registered prescription drug wholesaler, or drug manufacturer for which there is an authority to prescribe the drug.