Teen Dating Violence

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Break the Cycle

  • Empowering youth to end domestic violence.

Bullying, Sexual, and Dating Violence Trajectories from Early to Late Adolescence

  • Final grant research report submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) in May 2014
  • Bullying perpretration in middle school is found to be predictive of sexual harassment and dating violence in high school for both boys and girls.The authors suggest that additional attention should be paid to teaching youth about healthy relationships and conflict management skills. 

Centers for disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Children's Safety Network (CSN)

  • Children’s Safety Network National Resource Center for Injury and Violence Prevention is dedicated to working with state, territorial and community Maternal & Child Health and Injury & Violence prevention programs to create an environment where all children and youth are safe and healthy. We work with states and territories to infuse knowledge, expertise, and leadership to reduce injury, hospitalization, disability and death for all children and youth.

Colorado Coalition Against Sexual Assault (CCASA)

  • CCASA promotes safety, justice, and healing for survivors while working toward the elimination of sexual violence.  Provides research, resources, and training to enable Colorado communities to believe and support survivors, hold perpetrators accountable, and take action to end sexual violence.
  • An Analysis of Colorado PREP Curricula: A Trauma-Informed Approach, published October 2014
    • In late Fall of 2013, the Colorado Coalition Against Sexual Assault (CCASA) was approached by the Colorado Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) Manager regarding continued training and technical assistance for grantees on effective response to and engagement of PREP participants who have experienced, or are currently experiencing trauma. Because the PREP curricula are largely focused on sexual health and sexual health decision-making, there was particular concern for how participants who have experienced sexual abuse and/or sexual violence may be impacted by the current curricula. 
    • In this report you will find:
      • Helpful information on a trauma-informed approach to working with youth.
      • Content focused on teaching youth healthy relationship skills, bodily integrity, and setting/respecting boundaries.
      • Ideas for ensuring that sexual health classes are safe spaces for youth who have experienced child sexual abuse.
      • Guidance on how reproductive coercion information can and should be integrated into pregnancy prevention.
      • Specific trauma-informed adaptations for four federally-approved sexual health curricula.

Dating Matters: Understanding Teen Dating Violence Prevention

Dibble Institute

  • Resources for teaching relationship skills to teens and young adults.  

Do Health and Education Agencies in the United States Share Responsibility for Academic Achievement and Health? A Review of 25 Years of Evidence About the Relationship of Adolescents’ Academic Achievement and Health Behaviors

  • Published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, January 2013
  • The study found that 96.6% of studies reported statistically significant inverse relationships between health risk behaviors and academic achievement. Health risk behaviors included violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use, sexual behaviors contributing to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, inadequate physical activity and unhealthy dietary behaviors. The study highlights the importance of leaders in education and health working together to make wise investments in our nation’s school-aged youth that will benefit the entire population.
  • Easy to Read Summary published by the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors

End Violence Against Women International (EVAWI) Online Training Institute: Successfully Investigating and Prosecuting Sexual Assault

  • Presented by End Violence Against Women International (EVAWI), this is a series of free courses offered to anyone who is interested in the topic of criminal justice response to sexual assault. The OLTI provides the opportunity for interested professionals to expand their knowledge of cutting edge developments in the criminal justice and community response to sexual assault, with particular emphasis on those crimes committed by someone who is known to the victim (i.e., non-strangers).
  • Participants in the OLTI can work through the various training modules to learn and review new information and then apply this newly acquired knowledge in realistic and interactive scenarios, as well as assessment methods such as quizzes, tests, and case studies.
  • For professionals who successfully complete OLTI courses, continuing education is available for nurses, counselors, and law enforcement officers.

The Experience of Dating Violence among Latino Adolescents

  • This document presents the results of a study conducted by Chiara Sabina and Carlos Cuevas, published in April 2013.
  • The National Institute of Justice funded the Dating Violence Among Latino Adolescents (DAVILA) Study which sought to gain an understanding of dating violence experienced by Latino adolescents. The study sought to understand how many Latino teens are victims of dating violence (including psychological, physical, sexual and stalking dating violence) and how dating violence overlaps with other victimization experiences (i.e., child maltreatment, conventional crime, peer and sibling victimization, sexual victimization and stalking). Further, the study examined adolescents’ psychosocial functioning (i.e., depression, anxiety, hostility, school performance, delinquency), help-seeking efforts (i.e., formal and informal), culturally relevant characteristics (i.e., immigrant status, acculturation, and familism), and social support.

Get Smart, Get Help, Get Safe: Preventing, Assessing, and Intervening in Teenage Dating Abuse, A Training for Specialized Instructional Support Personnel

  • Created by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Safe and Healthy Students Safe and Supportive Learning Center in 2013.
  • This training toolkit addresses teenage dating abuse. Specifically, it is designed for trainers to assist specialized instructional support personnel (e.g., school psychologists, social workers, school nurses, guidance counselors) in identifying, assessing, effectively intervening in, and preventing teenage dating abuse.
  • CSSRC Staff Review 3/8/13

Healthy People 2020

It's On Us

  • Campaign to stop sexual assault and promote health relationships.
  • Take a pledge to help prevent sexual assualt, watch videos, and participate in the campaign.

Love is Respect

  • community discussions and a helpline for dating violence
  • Helpline: 1-866-331-9474 or 1-866-331-8453, or text "loveis" to 77054
  • Safety Planning Guide - A safety plan is a personalized, practical plan that can help you avoid dangerous situations and know the best way to react when you’re in danger.

Love What's Real

  • An initiative from the Center for Healthy Teen Relationships. This site provides information for young people about positive relationships, abusive behaviors, sexual assualt, and how to get involved to prevent abuse.

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

  • Teen Sexual Assault: Information for Teens. Explains the difference between consent and coercion. Defines and answers common questions about sexual assault and teen dating violence. Delineates how drugs and alcohol interfere with safety. Details how teens can protect themselves. Describes the steps to take if assaulted sexually and where to go for more information, and explores the common misconceptions teens may have about sexual assault.
  • Teen Sexual Assault: Information for Parents covers the same information, in addition to ways parents can help to protect their teenagers. 

National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women (VAWnet)

  • VAWnet is a comprehensive and easily accessible online collection of full-text, searchable materials and resources on domestic violence, sexual violence and related issues.
  • The goal of VAWnet, The National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women is to use electronic communication technology to enhance efforts to prevent violence against women and intervene more effectively when it occurs. VAWnet supports local, state, and national prevention and intervention strategies that enhance safety and well-being and address the self-identified needs and concerns of victims and survivors. 

National Institute of Justice (NIJ)

National Resources Center

  • Addressing the Gendered Dimensions of Harassment and Bullying: What Domestic and Sexual Violence Advocates Need to Know
  • This paper for the National Resources Center on Domestic Violence and National Sexual Violence Resource Center, based on U.S. Department of Justice and U.S. Department of Education Study introduces and discusses a recent policy memo from the U.S. Department of Education  that clarifies the distinctions between bullying and harassment and the priorities and responsibilities of school districts, explores the unintended consequences of ignoring the gendered dimensions of bullying and harassment in K-12 schools, and suggests helpful strategies for advocates collaborating with school personnel and students.


  • Information for students, schools, and anyone interested in finding resources on how to respond to and prevent sexual assault on college and university campuses and in our schools.
  • Not Alone: The First Report of the White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault
  • Published April 2014 by the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assualt
  • One in five women is sexually assaulted in college. Most often, it’s by someone she knows – and also most often, she does not report what happened. Many survivors are left feeling isolated, ashamed or to blame. Although it happens less often, men, too, are victims of these crimes.
  • President Obama created the Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault to turn this tide. As the name of our new website – NotAlone.gov – indicates, we are here to tell sexual assault survivors that they are not alone. And we’re also here to help schools live up to their obligation to protect students from sexual violence.

Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)

Office of Adolescent Health (OAH)

  • An office of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) is dedicated to improving the health and well being of adolescents to enable them to become healthy, productive adults. First funded in 2010, OAH supports and evaluates evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention (TPP) programs and implements the Pregnancy Assistance Fund; coordinates HHS efforts related to adolescent health promotion and disease prevention; and communicates adolescent health information to health professionals and groups, those who serve youth, parents, grantees, and the general public. OAH is the convener and catalyst for the development of a national adolescent health agenda.
  • Healthy Relationships
  • Reproductive Health
  • Teen Pregnancy Prevention (TPP) Evidence-Based Programs Database
    • This is a searchable database of the program models on the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) List of Evidence-Based Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program Models (which is a listing of programs with impacts on teen pregnancies or births, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), or sexual activity).  You can use this database to find programs that work for certain target populations, settings, ages, and more.

Prevalence Rates of Male and Female Sexual Violence Perpetrators in a National Sample of Adolescents

Preventing Acquaintance Rape: A Safety Guide for Teens

Prevention of Post-Sexual Assault Stress

Rape Prevention and Education (RPE) Program

  • The goal of the RPE program, a funded program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is to strengthen sexual violence prevention efforts at the local, state, and national level.
  • Victimization often occurs for the first time before the age of 25 (e.g., 42% of female victims of rape in the U.S. report that they were first raped before the age of 18 and 37% report that they were first raped between the ages of 18-24).

Relation Between Bully Perpetration and Teen-Dating Violence Perpetration Across Adolescence

  • Presented by Sabina Low PhD, Dorothy L. Espelage, PhD, and Carolyn Anderson, PhD 
  • Youth who engaged in high rates of self-reported bully perpetration during middle school were almost 7X more likely to self-report engaging in physical teen dating violence perpetration four years later in high school.

Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Sexual Assault Response Team (SART)

Sexual Harassment among Adolescents of Different Sexual Orientations and Gender Identities

Shifting Boundaries: Final Report on an Experimental Evaluation of a Youth Dating Violence Prevention Program in New York City Middle Schools

  • A 2011 National Institute of Justice (NIJ) study has found that school-level interventions reduced dating violence as much as 50 percent in 30 New York City public schools. These interventions included using school-based restraining orders, increasing faculty and security presence in dating violence “hot spots,” and hanging posters to increase awareness of the issue and encourage students to report it to officials. NIJ is a research branch of the Office of Justice Programs at the U.S. Department of Justice.
  • Read a press release about the study

Stand 4 Respect

  • The purpose of this site, created by the Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence (ICADV), is to provide adults with information about how to participate in preventing teen dating violence. This site contains concrete strategy suggestions and resources. Additionally, staff members at the Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence are eager to answer questions and to provide support for your prevention work.

Teen Dating Violence: A Closer Look at Adolescent Romantic Relationships

  • Authored by Carrie Mulford, Ph.D. and Peggy Giordano, Ph.D. and Published in the National Institute of Justice, October 2008

Teen Dating Violence en Español

  • Posted June 2013.
  • Radio program on EDUCARadio from Denver Public Schools to provide information to Spanish speaking students and parents.

That's Not Cool

  • Draw your own lines around what is, or is not, acceptable relationship behavior and seek help from your peers.

Toolkit to Incorporate Adolescent Relationship Abuse Prevention Into Existing Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Programming, August 2014 (pdf)

  • Created by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Family and Youth Services Bureau
  • The link between teen pregnancy and violence has been documented by researchers for two decades. Understanding the dynamics of adolescent relationship abuse and working to prevent it can help adolescent pregnancy prevention projects meet their mission of promoting the sexual health and overall well-being of young people.
  • This toolkit, prepared by the Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program’s Training and Technical Assistance and Meeting Logistical Support project for the Family and Youth Services Bureau, will walk sexual health educators and other youth workers through the steps of making relationship violence prevention an integral part of their adolescent pregnancy prevention work.

Urban Institute Teen Dating Abuse  

  •  The Urban Institute gathers data, conducts research, evaluates programs, offers technical assistance overseas, and educates Americans on social and economic issues — to foster sound public policy and effective government.
  • Digitizing Abuse is an Urban Institute project studying the role of technology in teen dating abuse and harassment. Knowing how many teens are affected and how they’ve been victimized can inform strategies to address this problem.
  • Dating Violence Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth, September 2013
    • Media attention and the literature on lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth overwhelmingly focus on violence involving hate crimes and bullying, while ignoring the fact that vulnerable youth also may be at increased risk of violence in their dating relationships. In this study, researchers examine physical, psychological, sexual, and cyber dating violence experiences among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth-as compared to those of heterosexual youth, and explore variations in the likelihood of help-seeking behavior and the presence of particular risk factors among both types of dating violence victims.
    • The goal of this project was to expand knowledge about the types of violence and abuse experiences youth have via technology (e.g., social networking sites, texting on cell phones), and how the experience of such cyber abuse within teen dating relationships or through bullying relates to other life factors. The study’s findings showed that more than a quarter (26 percent) of youth in a relationship said they experienced some form of cyber dating abuse victimization in the prior year. With regard to other findings on bullying experiences, the study showed that one in six youth (17 percent) reported being victims of cyber bullying. Fewer than one in ten youth reported perpetrating cyber bullying in the prior year.
  • Teen Dating Abuse and Harassment in the Digital World: Implications for Prevention and Intervention, 2013
    • One in four dating teens is abused or harassed online or through texts by their partners, according to the largest survey to date on the subject. New technologies—social networking sites, texts, cell phones, and e-mails—have given abusers another way to control, degrade, and frighten their partners. These tools haven’t pushed overall abuse rates up, but have allowed abusers to harass their victims anywhere and at anytime, even when they’re apart.

U.S. Department of Education

Youth Sexual Health in Colorado: A Call to Action

  •  Published by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment in 2012 as part of the Colorado 9to25 youth health initiative.
  • The Call to Action addresses youth, defined here as ages 9-24, families and communities across the state of Colorado and provides strategies for communities to improve the health of young people by:
    1. decreasing rates of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV;
    2. decreasing the rates of unintended teen pregnancy;
    3. decreasing the incidence of sexual assault and dating violence; and
    4. increasing participation by youth in educational and career opportunities.
  • CO9to25 Youth Sexual Health web page


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