Colorado School Safety Resource Center Substance Abuse Materials
Marijuana: What Parents Need to Know, December 2014
Other Substance Abuse Materials
- Launched by the Office of National Drug Contol Policy, the Above the Influence campaign follows an extensive consultation with experts in the fields of health communications and drug prevention.
- Above the Influence Toolkit with helpful information for schools and adults
- Published in March 2013 by the Institute for Behavior and Health (IBH)
- Associations between substance use, academic failure, and dropout are strong and well-recognized among researchers and educators who study adolescent substance use.
- Lower high school grades and motivation and higher risk of dropping out are associated with use of illegal substances. This report discusses decades of scientific studies that show the connection between adolescent substance use and school failure.
- CSSRC Staff Review 11/27/13
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH) site provides links to both federal and non-federal resources on school health including tools, program evaluation, resources on developing, implementing, and evaluating local wellness policies, etc.
- Children’s Safety Network National Resource Center for Injury and Violence Prevention is dedicated to working with state, territorial and community Maternal & Child Health and Injury & Violence prevention programs to create an environment where all children and youth are safe and healthy. We work with states and territories to infuse knowledge, expertise, and leadership to reduce injury, hospitalization, disability and death for all children and youth.
- Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities
- The purpose of the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Program (SDFSC) is to support programs that prevent violence in and around schools and the illegal use of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs; involve parents; and coordinate these efforts and resources with other federal, state, and community entities. Grant funds are allocated (based on poverty rate and student population) to school districts to establish, operate, and improve local programs of school drug and violence prevention, early intervention, rehabilitation referral, and education in elementary through secondary schools.
- Dropout Prevention and Student Engagement
- The Colorado Department of Education has collected K-12 public school drug, alcohol, and tobacco incidents since the 2000-2001 school year. A ten-year trend can be viewed at: ATOD Colorado School Trends.
- Provides resources that may be helpful to educate school staff, students, parents, and the broader public about the dangers of substance abuse. Information includes how using drugs may impede learning and undermine student achievement.
- Understand the Big Deal: How Marijuana Harms Youth
- Since 1992 Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America (CADCA) has been training local grassroots groups, known as community anti-drug coalitions, in effective community problem-solving strategies, teaching them how to assess their local substance abuse-related problems and develop a comprehensive plan to address them.
- Online Rx Abuse Prevention Toolkit contains facts, strategies and tools to prevent and reduce teen prescription medicine misuse in your community. This newly revised toolkit is based on CADCA's Seven Strategies for Effective Community Change. Incorporating these strategies will help you formulate, modify and implement your prevention and intervention strategies.
- The Denver Resource for Awareness and Prevention (Denver RAP) is a community-based source of information and tools to help identify and prevent teen alcohol and drug abuse, and to promote fun, healthy, positive lifestyle choices.
- Denver RAP was developed by the Denver Office of Drug Strategy (DODS) in 2011 to help meet the overwhelming need for substance abuse prevention information, education and other resources in Denver.
- The site provides information and resources on youth drinking and other substance abuse topics to parents, youth, service providers, and the local community.
- d-RAP 85 Social Norming Campaign
Do Health and Education Agencies in the United States Share Responsibility for Academic Achievement and Health? A Review of 25 Years of Evidence About the Relationship of Adolescents’ Academic Achievement and Health Behaviors
- Published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, January 2013
- The study found that 96.6% of studies reported statistically significant inverse relationships between health risk behaviors and academic achievement. Health risk behaviors included violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use, sexual behaviors contributing to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, inadequate physical activity and unhealthy dietary behaviors. The study highlights the importance of leaders in education and health working together to make wise investments in our nation’s school-aged youth that will benefit the entire population.
- Easy to Read Summary published by the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors
- This legal guide is intended to help schools navigate the complicated patchwork of federal, state and local laws and regulations governing the presence and use of both authorized medications and illicit drugs in school.
- This publication will guide school board members in policy making and school board officials in identifying issues and appropriate responses to help ensure student well being and to maintain safe school environments.
- youth.gov was created by the Interagency Working Group on Youth Programs (IWGYP), which is composed of representatives from 18 federal agencies that support programs and services focusing on youth. The IWGYP promotes the goal of positive, healthy outcomes for youth.
- This website is a product of the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) to help parents, educators, and caregivers stay informed with the latest information about youth substance abuse. The site contains pictures and descriptions of abused substances and their associated paraphernalia. There are also tips for talking with youth who are suspected of using drugs.
- Growing Up Drug Free: A Parent's Guide to Prevention
- Prescription for Disaster: How Teens Abuse Medicine
- A service provided by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
- Talk to Your Kids about Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drugs
- Adolescent SBIRT Toolkit for Educators. This curriculum offers skills-based education on Adolescent Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT). The curriculum is comprised of an Instructor's Toolkit containing the Learner’s Guide to Adolescent SBIRT with companion slide decks and supplemental resources, and the web-based SBI with Adolescents simulation program.
- National DEC's approach for addressing the needs of children in dangerous drug environments focuses on the formation of community-based partnerships that encourage agency personnel from across multiple disciplines to coordinate their mutual interests, resources and responsibilities. Supports state services and local communities by helping to develop efficient and effective strategies and tools that better leverage existing resources. Provides national leadership, strategic planning, training, and technical assistance to our alliances and network members and advocates for intervention on behalf of these innocent victims.
- Includes resources, monthly newsletters, online trainings.
- The Network is funded by the Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration(SAMHSA), US Department of Health and Human Services and jointly coordinated by UCLA and Duke University. The NCTSN works to accomplish its mission of serving the nation's traumatized children and their families.
- Understanding the Links Between Adolescent Trauma and Substance Abuse: A Toolkit for Providers (2008)
National Center for Campus Public Safety
Social Norms in Alcohol Abuse Prevention
Alcohol Awareness Month is a public health program organized by Facing Addiction with NCADD designed to increase outreach and education regarding the dangers of alcoholism and issues related to alcohol. As Alcohol Awareness Month continues, one focus on college campuses is prevention. One prevention mechanism that has shown great efficacy is the social norms approach. Social norms are the informal rules that govern behavior in groups and societies and include things like shaking hands when meeting someone, covering a sneeze, or raising your hand to get attention in a group.
According to the National Social Norms Center, the social norms approach to behavior change "combines lessons learned from a variety of fields including social marketing, sociology, behavioral psychology and evaluation research." The social norms approach considers that college students tend to overestimate the amount of alcohol use and abuse by their peers, and this is a conception that begins at a young age. According to the Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation (PDF), "Only 2% of 6th-12th graders think that seniors don't drink. In reality, 25% of 12th graders report not drinking alcohol, a healthier proportion than their younger classmates perceive."
The social norms approach:
- focuses on positive messages about healthy behaviors and attitudes that are common to most people in a group.
- does not use scare tactics or stigmatize an unhealthy behavior.
- avoids moralistic messages from authorities about how the target group "should" behave. Instead, it simply presents the healthy norms already existing in the group.
- builds on the assets already in the community, through participation by community members, and by highlighting those who make healthy choices.
The last bullet above is important from an implementation perspective. The Social Norms Approaches Using Descriptive Drinking Norms Education: A Review of the Research on Personalized Normative Feedback recommends targeting students who are at higher risk for heavier alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Utilizing peers in their networks, like student athletes, those with similar academic interests, or those who participate in Greek life or other social networks, to share the social norms message is an effective mechanism for prevention. For information on how to start a social norms campaign, visit the For Practitioners section of the National Social Norms Center website.
- The National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
- Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention for Youth: A Practitioner’s Guide
- Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention for Youth: Pocket Guide
- This NIAAA Teen Alcohol Risk Screening Guide tool helps healthcare professionals identify youth at risk for alcohol-related problems, counsel or advise them, and connect them to external sources of treatment. It contains a risk assessment survey and links to motivational interviewing resources.
- CSSRC Staff Review 8/26/13
- Classroom Resources for Teachers
College Drinking Prevention, College Drinking: Changing the Culture
- The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The NIDA website contains resources for students and young adults including education resources and materials on drugs of abuse. Information for parents and teachers includes drug information and facts, education materials, curriculum guides, and classroom tools. Medical and health professionals will find resources including NIDAMED, screening tools, resources for your practice, resources for your patients, and centers of excellence for physician information.
- Brain Power! Challenge
- This is a series of curricula for grades K-9 teaching students about brains and substance abuse.
- CSSRC Staff Review 10/23/13
- Online resource that equips parents with research-based skills to help keep their children drug-free.
- NIDA-funded research has shown the critical role parents play in preventing their children from using drugs. Family Checkup poses questions for parents to consider as they interact with their children; highlighting parenting skills that are important in preventing the initiation and progression of drug use among youth. The resource incorporates video examples that show parents how-to and how-not-to emulate each skill with their own children.
- Family Checkup Document
- Information for Parents and Teachers, including free resources.
- Information for Children and Teens, including links to free resources.
- Marijuana: Facts for Teens | en Español
- NIDA for Teens: The Science Behind Drug Abuse has activity ideas and free downloadable fact sheets.
- Preventing Drug Use among Children and Adolescents, published October 2003
- Prevention Principles - These principles are intended to help parents, educators, and community leaders think about, plan for, and deliver research-based drug abuse prevention programs at the community level.
- Principles of Adolescent Substance Use Disorder Treatment: A Research-Based Guide, published January 2014
- CSSRC Staff Review, 11/11/14
- Research Report Series: Heroin | en Español, updated February 2014
Community Supervision of Underage Drinkers, October 2012
- The authors provide a theoretical overview on which to base policies, procedures, and practices that will help professionals—and their corresponding agencies—effectively supervise underage drinkers in the community. They also discuss the legal issues that professionals may encounter when working with these youth.
Effects and Consequences of Underage Drinking, September 2012
Presents findings from a literature review that investigated how drinking can affect a youth's physical, emotional, and neurological health.
- Discusses personal, legal, and economic consequences of underage drinking.
This 2 hour course explores the value and effective means of using community volunteers to support both the prevention and enforcement of underage drinking. The use of volunteers can serve as a force multiplier in communities where enforcement resources are stretched thin. The course looks at the recruitment, selection, training, utilization, supervision, and assessment of these community volunteers.
- A component of the Executive Office of the President, ONDCP was created by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. ONDCP advises the President on drug-control issues, coordinates drug-control activities and related funding across the Federal government, and produces the annual National Drug Control Strategy, which outlines Administration efforts to reduce illicit drug use, manufacturing and trafficking, drug-related crime and violence, and drug-related health consequences.
- Colleges and Universities
- Drug Endangered Children
- The Partnership for a Drug-Free America, with funding from the United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, has launched a new and innovative website. PACT360 features five law enforcement-led community prevention education programs designed to deal with existing drug and alcohol issues and empower parents and teens to protect themselves against these dangers.
- Published by the Seattle Children's Foundation in 2014
- This guide was created in Washington and contains information about Washington resources and laws, however the advice is applicable in Colorado.
- The guide contains information about effects of marijuana on adolescent physical and behavioral health, tips for parents to talk to their children about not using marijuana even if they have used it, and signs that a teen may be using marijuana.
- The Partnership for a Drug-Free America is a nonprofit organization that unites parents, renowned scientists and communications professionals to help families raise healthy children. The centerpiece of this effort is an online resource center at drugfree.org, featuring interactive tools that translate the latest science and research on teen behavior, addiction and treatment into easy to understand tips and tools.
- The Medicine Abuse Project is a campaign to curb teen medicine abuse. A suite of resources for educators is available and is tailored specifically for teachers, school administrators, school nurses and other specialized instructional support personnel to help prevent medicine abuse in schools, home and communities.
- An initiative of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
- Aims to empower teens to avoid prescription drug abuse.
- Activity Guide provides ideas for engaging educational activities.
- Launched in July 2013 by the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
- Use this site to identify unknown medications in pill form. Identification can take place with either physical characteristics or by manufacturer or name. Once a medication is identified, Pillbox provides links to drug information and drug labels.
- CSSRC Staff Review 12/4/13
Opioid overdose deaths among children and teenagers have tripled since 1999, according to a recent U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention research article, indicating that opioid abuse and misuse continue to be a problem for schools and institutions of higher education (IHEs). To help the educational community address such an emergency, the REMS TA Center has released a fact sheet on Preparing for Opioid-Related Emergencies for K-12 Schools and Institutions of Higher Education.
- Launched by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in March 2014
- Every day in the United States, more than 3,200 youth under age 18 smoke their first cigarette —and more than 700 youth under age 18 become daily smokers—highlighting a critical need for stronger, targeted youth tobacco prevention efforts.4 To combat this critical issue, FDA’s first youth tobacco prevention campaign, “The Real Cost,” targets at-risk youth aged 12-17 who are open to smoking or already experimenting with cigarettes.
- Free campaign materials available on the website include fact sheets, posters, postcards, social media content, and ads for print, television, radio and websites.
Second Chance - Tobacco Suspension Alternative - Free Online Colorado Program
Second Chance is a FREE on-line, interactive, and self-directed alternative to suspension program for teens who violate tobacco policy at school, or tobacco law in the community. The program can also be used with teens who are experimenting with tobacco, but have not violated any policy or law. Teens can be referred to Second Chance by staff in schools, local health agencies, and youth-serving organizations.
Contacts: Kathi Pappas, K-12 Tobacco Prevention Initiative Consultant
- Rocky Mountain Center for Health Promotion & Education, 303.503.7967
OR Laurie S. Schneider, MPH, Project Director, K-12 Tobacco Prevention Initiative
Rocky Mountain Center for Health Promotion & Education, Phone: 303.867.9116
- The “Speak Now” campaign is part of the Colorado Prevention Partnership for Success (CPPS) statewide underage binge drinking initiative focused on implementing evidence-based substance abuse prevention practices, policies and approaches that build local and state prevention infrastructure in Colorado.
- Speak Now Infographic One-Page English 04-21-17
- Speak Now Infographic One-Page English 04-21-17
- Alcohol and Marijuana and the Teen Brain, released April 2014
- Alcohol and Marijuana poster, released April 2014
- Conversations about Alcohol poster, released June 2014
- How to Fail Prom video. With the arrival of prom season comes parties, and the potential for dangerous situations involving alcohol. See how the excitement of prom night can turn into a summer-ruining experience when alcohol is added, and how a conversation between parents and teens can make a big difference.
- Now's a Good Time to Talk about How Teens Get Alcohol, summer 2013
- Hosted by the Department of Revenue, this application contains information and data on underage drinking in Colorado.
Student Drug Testing and Positive School Climates: Testing the Relation Between Two School Characteristics and Drug Use Behavior in a Longitudinal Study
- Published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, January 2014
- Drug testing was not found to be associated with reductions in student drug use. Positive school climate is found to be associated with a reduction in student cigarette and drug use.
Substance Abuse among Minors en Español
- Posted April 2013.
- Radio program on EDUCARadio from Denver Public Schools to provide information to Spanish speaking students and parents.
- SAMHSA website contains resources - programs, policies and grants - focused on building resilience and facilitating recovery for people with or at risk for mental or substance use disorders.
- The CBHSQ Report: Understanding Adolescent Inhalant Use. In this report data is used to explore inhalant use in the United States among those aged 12 or older. The report then examines inhalant use among adolescents aged 12 to 17 and describes estimates by demographic and geographic characteristics.
- Alcohol and Drug Combinations are More Likely to Have a Serious Outcome than Alcohol Alone in Emergency Department Visits Involving Underage Drinking, published July 2014
- Behavioral Health Barometer for Colorado 2013
- Report to Congress on the Prevention and Reduction of Underage Drinking, December 2013
- Report to Congress on the Prevention and Reduction of Underage Drinking, November 2012
- This Report to Congress summarizes the status of the latest scientific research regarding adolescent alcohol use, describes the characteristics and consequences of underage drinking, and outlines the comprehensive efforts of the Federal Government to address the problem. It also updates and expands the individual state reports. By addressing underage drinking in all of the environments in which youth live—family, school, communities, healthcare systems, and religious institutions—we can change the way that young people and their parents view underage drinking and create an environment in which underage alcohol use is understood as a serious public health and public safety problem, not a culturally ingrained rite of passage.
- Colorado Report, December 2013
- Colorado Report, November 2012
- National Prevention Week Participant Toolkit | en Español
- Published May 2014
- Use this toolkit to hold an event that fits the needs of your particular organization and community while strengthening and creating community partnerships. This toolkit gives you the ideas and resources for what you need, including fact sheets, templates that you can tailor for your needs, and other promotional materials.
- Finding Quality Treatment for Substance Use Disorders
- Spice, Bath Salts, and Behavioral Health, November 2014
- TIP 31 - Screening and Assessing Adolescents for Substance Use Disorders, published 1999
- TIP 42 - Substance Abuse Treatment for Persons with Co-Occurring Disorders, revised 2013
- TIP 48 - Managing Depressive Symptoms in Substance Abuse Clients During Early Recovery, revised 2013
- TIP 50 - Addressing Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors in Substance Abuse Treatment, published 2009
- Quick Guide for Clinicians based on TIP 50, published 2013
- Tips for Teens: The Truth about Club Drugs
- Tips for Teens: The Truth about Cocaine
- Tips for Teens: The Truth about Heroin
- Tips for Teens: The Truth about Inhalants
- Tips for Teens: The Truth about Marijuana | en Español
- Tips for Teens: The Truth about Methamphetamine
- Tips for Teens: The Truth about Tobacco | en Español
Understanding the Connection Between Suicide and Substance Abuse: What the Research Tells Us, recorded September 2014
- This webinar examined current research findings on the connections between substance abuse and suicide, highlighting in particular factors that contribute to both problems and can be addressed in a coordinated way.
- The Health Consequences of Smoking - 50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General
- Published in January 2014
- Executive Summary
- Let's Make the Next Generation Tobacco-Free: Your Guide to the 50th Anniversary Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health - consumer guide
- This report comes a half century after the historic 1964 Surgeon General’s report, which concluded that cigarette smoking causes lung cancer. Over the last 50 years tobacco control efforts have saved 8 million lives but the job is far from over. This report provides the impetus to accelerate public health and clinical strategies to drop overall smoking rates to less than 10% in the next decade. Our nation is now at a crossroads, and we must choose to end the tobacco epidemic once and for all.
- Surgeon General's Call To Action to Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking: A Guide to Action for Educators
- The Surgeon General’s Call to Action To Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking highlights underage alcohol use as a major public health and safety issue. This Guide to Action for Educators highlights key issues related to underage drinking. It was developed to provide educators and other school personnel a guide to what they can do to take action against underage drinking and why.
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, SAMHSA’s underage drinking prevention PSA campaign helps parents and caregivers start talking to their children early—as early as nine years old—about the dangers of alcohol.
- Why You Should Talk With Your Child About Alcohol
- Answering Your Child’s Tough Questions About Alcohol
- The Consequences of Underage Drinking
- How To Tell If Your Child Is Drinking Alcohol
- What You Can Do To Prevent Your Child From Drinking
- Why Your Child Might Start Drinking
- Family Agreement Form: Avoiding Alcohol
- Sample Text Messages Reminding Your Child To Avoid Alcohol
- Colorado Tobacco-free Schools Policy Checklist Toolkit (2010) created by the Rocky Mountain Center for Health Promotion an Education, the Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment's State Tobacco Education & Prevention Partnership.
The Colorado Tobacco-free Schools Checklist Toolkit includes tools and strategies to assist Colorado schools in developing and implementing comprehensive tobacco-free policies.
The Check-list provides:
- Guidance to make sure that policy meets or exceeds the standards of Colorado's Tobacco-free Schools Law
- Best practices for communicating tobacco policies and procedures
- Best practice resources and programs for tobacco prevention and cessation
- Resources to assess tobacco use behavior around the school
- An activity to assess where signage is located on school property
- Communication tips
- Strategies for enforcement
- The Too Smart To Start Web site helps youth, families, educators, and communities prevent underage alcohol use and its related problems. It provides useful programs and strategies, downloadable materials, interactive games and exercises, and other resources to support you in responding to The Surgeon General's Call to Action To Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking.
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