Pollution prevention (P2), or source reduction, is any strategy that reduces or eliminates the volume or toxicity of pollutants or wastes within a facility - reducing waste before it's generated. Pollution prevention became a national policy with the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990. The Act established waste reduction as the waste management method of choice and set up a framework for promoting pollution prevention.
Pollution prevention can take place by using less-toxic raw materials, modifying processes, and it includes onsite conservation and reuse of energy, water, and materials. Pollution prevention is not waste treatment, off-site recycling, disposal, or end-of-pipe controls.
Pollution prevention strategies save businesses money. If you don’t generate waste, you don’t have to track it, permit it, pay for treatment or disposal, and insure against the risks associated with it.
- Pollution prevention in dairy.
- Pollution prevention in food manufacturing.
- Pollution prevention in hazardous waste generators.
P2 Case Studies (specific to Colorado)
- Pollution Prevention Rebates.
- Peaks to Prairies (regional Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange Center).
- EPA P2 webpage.
- Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) P2 search tool.
- Sustainable breweries assistance program.
- Sustainable breweries program report.