Clostridium difficile (C. diff)
Clostridium difficile, or C. diff, is a spore-forming bacterium that can cause diarrhea and colitis (inflammation of the colon) or more serious conditions, such as pseudomembranous colitis. C. diff is most often related to antibiotic use in a health care setting; however, in recent years, these infections have been seen in more people without health care exposures. C. diff infections have become more severe and difficult to treat.
- CDC: Healthcare-associated Infections: Clostridium difficile.
- SHEA/IDSA: Strategies to Prevent Clostridium Difficile Infections in Acute Care Hospitals.
- Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology: Guide to Elimination of Clostridium Difficile in Healthcare Settings.