National context of assessment and planning
CHAPS is Colorado's approach to assessment and planning, but it fits within and aligns within the national context and drivers are such as the national Public Health Accreditation Board, Healthy People 2020 and Mobilizing Action for Planning and Partnerships.
PHAB is the national body for voluntary public health accreditation for state, local, territorial and tribal public health agencies. This accreditation system uses common standards to measure performance and assist agencies in continuously improving their services, and ultimately the community's health.
Domains and standards include:
Engage with the community to identify and address health problems.
Conduct and disseminate assessments focused on population health status and public health issues facing the community.
Conduct a community health improvement planning process.
Develop and implement a health department strategic plan.
Evaluate and continuously improve processes, programs and interventions.
Following CHAPS helps an agency meet PHAB standards for assessment and planning.
See PHAB Version 1.5 and CHAPS crosswalk for more detail in how they overlap.
CHAPS promotes the alignment of local health data and strategies with Healthy People 2020 objectives. These national objectives offer specific, important areas of emphasis where action needs to be taken if the United States is to achieve better health by 2020. The Healthy People 2020 website provides the national health objectives, data and tools to enable states and communities across the country to combine efforts to achieve them.
MAPP was developed by the National Association of City and County Health Officials and is widely recognized as a model practice in public health improvement planning. CHAPS is closely aligned with the MAPP process. Local public health agencies (LPHAs) may use the MAPP process as long as they also meet the other requirements of CHAPS, including using Colorado's standard prioritization criteria and following Colorado's outline for developing the local public health improvement plan.