Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children

The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) is a law that has been enacted by all 50 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands. This law establishes orderly procedures for the interstate placement of children and fixes responsibilities for those involved in placing the child. 

Why is a compact needed?

Children placed out of state need to be assured of the same protection and services that would be provided if they remained in their home state. They must also be assured of a return to their original jurisdiction should the placement prove not to be in their best interest.

Who can initiate the Interstate Compact?

Persons who can initiate Interstate Compact referrals are private individuals, the court, child placement agencies, adoption agencies, and public agencies.

Types of placements covered under the ICPC when a child is under the jurisdiction of a county department, court or child placement agency:

  • Parent
  • Relative
  • Foster
  • Adoptive
  • Group home
  • Residential facilities
  • Article VI (adjudicated delinquents) with private institution

Types of placements excluded from the ICPC:

  • Boarding schools
  • Medical facilities and hospitals
  • Mental health facilities
  • Parent to relative when parent or relative has custody (Article VIII)
  • Job corps
  • Military
  • Visits up to 30 days and during summer school vacation with court approval.