Involuntary Transportation Hold Now an Option for Individuals in Mental Health Crisis
As of today, the Involuntary Transportation for Immediate Screening Hold is an option for professionals to get an individual who is in a mental health crisis -- but will not go voluntarily or doesn't clearly meet 72-Hour Hold criteria -- from the community to a facility with walk-in services.
>>> You can find a fact sheet here about the Involuntary Transportation Hold, which includes the questions and answers below.
>>> The legal M-0.5 form used to facilitate the hold is here.
Why was the Transportation Hold Created?
There was no involuntary option for an individual in a mental health crisis to receive mental health services unless they met 72-Hour Hold criteria (imminent danger to self or others or gravely disabled). Senate Bill 17-207 added a section in statute that established the Involuntary Transportation for Immediate Screening Hold.
Who Can Place a Transportation Hold?
An Intervening Professional, statutorily defined as:
- A certified peace officer
- A professional person (person licensed to practice medicine, licensed psychologist)
- Licensed Clinical Social Worker
- Registered Nurse*
- Licensed Professional Counselor*
- Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist*
- Licensed Addiction Counselor*
*Who by reason of postgraduate education and additional preparation has gained knowledge, judgment and skill in psychiatric or mental health nursing or psychiatric or clinical mental health therapy, forensic psychotherapy, or the evaluation of mental health disorders.
Resource Options Prior to Placing an Involuntary Transportation Hold
- The least restrictive means of providing care should always be used. Voluntary services should be pursued before involuntary services (Transportation Hold or 72-Hour Hold):
- Persuade the individual to seek mental health services voluntarily at a walk-in center.
- Contact mobile crisis services; they are required to be there within two hours (rural) or one hour (urban).
- Access co-responder programs (law enforcement-behavioral health professional partnerships).
- If you need additional resource consultation with a behavioral health professional, call Colorado Crisis Services at 1-844-493-8255.
This summer, OBH will disseminate a training curriculum for first responders (including law enforcement, emergency medical services, co-responders and others) that will provide instruction and information to prevent the use of jails, lockup or other detention facilities when a person has committed no crime but is experiencing a mental health crisis. This training is another piece of SB 17-207.
To share feedback about any services at facilities licensed or designated by the Office of Behavioral Health, email email@example.com or call 303.866.7524.