African rue is a bright green, succulent, shrubby, perennial herb that grows 1-2 feet tall with a taproot and lateral root system that can extend 20 feet or more into the soil. The stems are multi-branched, stiff, erect and hairless. The leaves are alternate, fleshy, and are irregularly dissected three times or more into linear segments. The flowers are white with five petals and are present from April to September. Seeds are produced in a three-chambered capsule, with many small seeds in each chamber.