Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA)

 

Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) affects Equidae and is caused by an equid-specific lentivirus in the retrovirus family, equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV).  Although the majority of persistent infections appear to result in minimal clinical signs, EIA may be seen in epizootic form with high morbidity and mortality.  

EIA Testing - There’s an App for That!

The Rocky Mountain Regional Animal Health Lab (RMRAHL) is the state laboratory with the Colorado Department of Agriculture.  RMRAHL runs ELISA and AGID EIA testing and has a newly developed EIA Mobile Application for submitting Coggins tests.

The Colorado Department of Agriculture’s Rocky Mountain Regional Animal Health Laboratory (RMRAHL) started using USALIMS, a Computer Aid Incorporated lab information management system, in March 2015 and then RMRAHL was the first lab in the country to offer the USALIMS Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) mobile application in April 2017.

The application allows veterinarians to collect the information in the field and enter it directly into the app on their mobile devices, as well as take pictures of the horses for the EIA form.  The app then submits the form to your participating laboratory.

Since RMRAHL lab started using the app, 104 USDA accredited veterinarians have signed up to use the app in Colorado, 42 of which are actively using the app monthly, with a total of 5595 submissions through the app alone.

The mobile EIA application will soon be available for use at Colorado State University and is now being used by laboratories in Pennsylvania and Florida as well.   These institutions are also working on development of a generic application that will help veterinarians submit samples for Bovine Viral Diarrhea, Johne’s, Trichomoniasis, and other diseases.

To get the app: Go to your App store or Play store and search for “USALIMS”.  Once downloaded, call the RMRAHL to request a username and password.  Please note: This app is currently only for submitting equine serum samples to RMRAHL for EIA testing.  If using another laboratory, call that laboratory to inquire if they will be using the new EIA mobile app.

For more information please contact RMRAHL at 303-477-0049 or visit the RMRAHL website.  

 

Resources

The Merck Veterinary Manual: Overview of Equine Infectious Anemia

USDA Equine Infectious Anemia Disease Information

Equine Disease Communication Center: Disease Outbreak Alerts

Equine Infectious Anemia (Spanish)

 

Press Releases

May 2017: EIA-Positive Horse Identified in Colorado

May 2017: Three Equine Health Updates for Colorado

August 2018: Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA) Confirmed in Colorado