DOR Taxation web site

Property / Services Taxable


Number Title and Description


Energy Drinks


Discussion of energy drinks as exempt food or taxable food supplement.  Drinks that do not qualify as food under the federal food stamp program are not exempt food.


Crime Remediation Services


Contract is for non-taxable services.

GIL 07-004

Dark and Lit Fiber / Fixtures


Discussion whether dark and lit fiber optic cable used for telecommunication qualifies as taxable telecommunications service and whether cable is a fixture or tangible personal property.

GIL 07-006

Gift Card Stock and Bundled Software


A sale by a distributor of card stock is not an exempt wholesale because distributor is the consumer, not reseller, of card stock.  Software bundled with card stock may be taxable if not separable from sale of card stock.

GIL 07-010

Animal Management Software and Property


Discussion of taxability of products and services offered by retailer for animal management business.

GIL 07-013

Portable Trailers, Water / Electrical / Sewer Satellite Systems, Transportation Charges, Repair Parts


Discussion of taxability of various portable products supplied for drilling sites, including satellite, sewer, water, electrical systems, repair services and repair parts.

GIL 07-014

Meal Discounts


Discussion of sales tax reporting requirements of two retailers which jointly offered discount food and entertainment program.

GIL 07-016

Consulting and Project Management Services, Credits for Taxes Paid Another State


Consulting and project management services not taxable if separable from sale of surveillance products.  Retailer cannot claim credit for taxes incorrectly paid another state.

GIL 07-017

Call Center Services


Call center services are non-taxable services.

GIL 07-018

Employment Recruitment Services


Employment recruitment services are non-taxable services.

GIL 07-019

Warranty Contracts for Leased Goods


Contracts for service and maintenance of leased goods are not taxable if such contracts are in a separate contract from lease.

GIL 07-020

Installation / Transportation


Discussion of various aspects of retailer's sale and installation of product and transportation charges.

GIL 07-024

Electricity / Research and Development


Discussion of availability of exemptions for use of electricity, research and development, and statute of limitation for sales tax.

GIL 07-027

Consumer Surveys and Service Quality Reports


Discussion of criteria for determining whether consumer surveys and service quality reports are non-taxable services or sales of property discussed.

GIL 08-001

Custom Software, Installation, Repair, Transportation, Training


Custom software, installation, repair, transportation, and training are generally non-taxable services.

GIL 08-002

Hosting and Networking Services


Charges by an out-of-state company for webhosting and network connectivity charge where servers are not located in Colorado are not taxable.


Sales Tax on Discounted Taxable and Nontaxable Bundled Goods and Services


Sales tax calculated on retailer's costs when taxable item sold at below costs and bundled with non-taxable service.

GIL 08-005

Merchandising Services


Retailer provided service of merchandising is not taxable.

GIL 08-007

For-Profit Daycare Providing Food, Plates, Utensils


Daycare is providing a service and is the consumer of the food products and related accessories.

GIL 08-008

DVD Production


Labor cost of third-party must be included in retailer's purchase price even if separately stated on the customer's invoice.

GIL 08-009

Contractors / Fixtures


Discussion of factors considered in determining when tangible personal property becomes a non-taxable fixture to real property.  Department will consider, among other things, how taxpayer treated the property on federal income tax return.  Discussion of lump sum and time and material construction contracts.

GIL 08-010

Home Study / School Material


Business that offered home study program and sold books and supplies is not selling a service.  Therefore, sale of books and other goods to customer is taxable.

GIL 08-011

Hostess Credits / Transportation


Credits and discounts distinguished.  Credits given by direct marketer to hostess for holding a sales event at hostess' home are not allowed for purposes for calculating sales tax.  Transportation charges are taxable because customers did not have any alterative but to use retailer's transportation services.

GIL 08-012

Propane Tanks (Refilled or Empty) / Prepaid Phone Cards


Propane is exempt if sold for residential use.  Retailer must take reasonable steps to ensure exempt sales.  Discussion of taxability of customer supplied tanks and retailer supplied tanks.  Distributor of prepaid phone cards is consumer of card stock and is not entitled to resale exemption.  Retailer of the taxable goods or service purchased with card is responsible for collecting tax, not the card distributor.

GIL 08-016

Software Updates, Upgrades


Upgrades of taxable software are taxable.  Software to correct bugs in original taxable software is not taxable.

GIL 08-018

Food Supplements, Soap, Deodorant, Products


Supplements and other products are taxable.

GIL 08-019

Print Material


Discussion of taxability of print material and collection of local sales taxes.

GIL 08-020

Restocking Fees, Travel, Training, Rental of Equipment


A retailer who charges a restocking fee has not refunded the full purchase price and is not entitled to a refund of any tax.  Travel and training are not taxable.  Rental of property is taxable.

GIL 08-021

Supplements, TENS, Pads


Dietary supplements are taxable.  TENS are exempt therapeutic device.

 GIL-08-023 (amended)

Purchase Options on Leases, Insurance, Late Payment, Documentation Fees

Purchase option at expiration of lease is taxable unless finance lease previously factored to a third-party.  Insurance is taxable if not separable from lease.  A late payment fee, if assessed to reflect the vendor’s carrying cost of money, is not subject to sales tax if the charge is separately stated from the unpaid principal balance of the purchase price. A documentation fee is inseparable and included in purchase price for sales tax calculation.


Alteration Services


Alteration services are not taxable if separable from sale of clothing.


Patient Tracking / Incentive System


System for tracking patients and incentive program is a non-taxable service


Signage, Crating, Installation, Transportation, City Permits, Subcontractors


Sale of signage is taxable unless it becomes a fixture to real property or title passes prior to installation.  Manufacturer's purchase of crating is exempt wholesale sale, but taxable sale to consumer.  Installation is an exempt service.  Transportation is generally exempt except for freight-in charges or if inseparable from sale of signs.  City permits are not taxable if obligation of owner.  Repair work of subcontractor is discussed.


Use Tax on Fabrication Services


Use tax does not include labor costs of Taxpayer or third-party fabricators who only provide services, but includes fabrication services of third-parties who also sell raw materials, even though the sale of such goods is in a separate contract.


Copying Service


Company that provides copies of hospital medical records to third-parties is selling taxable goods.


Condominium Furnishings


Developer who purchased and paid tax on furnishings for condominium units that it owned and later sold to fractional interest owners is liable for sales tax on such sale and may be entitled to refund of tax paid to suppliers for such furnishings.  Developer liable for sales tax when it rents on a nightly basis condominiums to third-parties.


Internet Games / Energy drinks / Samples


Internet gaming lessons are nontaxable services and nontaxable intangible personal property.  Income earned from sources within Colorado are subject to income tax, but nexus issue not addressed.  Energy drinks are generally nonexempt food supplements.  Distribution of samples is not subject to sales tax, but distributor liable for use tax.


Taxability of Service Charge / Nexus of Call Center Employing Independent Contractors to Perform Work for Clients in State


Income derived from Colorado sources is taxable.  Taxability of mark-up charged by in cases of resellers, agents, brokers, third party contracts.  General discussion of nexus for income and sales tax purposes.


Sales of Building Materials Between Controlled Companies


General discussion of application of sales and use tax for contractor and manufacturer who are controlled companies.


Taxability of FCC License and Coordination Charge RE: Two-Way Radio


General discussion of taxability of FCC license and coordination charge made in connection with sale of two-way radio.


Gift Baskets


Sales tax on gift baskets containing taxable and non-taxable items whose prices are not separately stated is computed on the full purchase price unless the value of the taxable item is de minimis.


Optional Service Offered with Taxable Rental of Motor Vehicles are Not Taxable


Optional services offered in connection with, but separable from, the rental of a motor vehicle are not taxable if such services are separately stated on the invoice.


Lessor / Seller of Motor Vehicle Must Collect and Remit Sales Tax on Sale of Motor Vehicle


Lessor who sells motor vehicle to lessee at the expiration of a motor vehicle lease must collect and remit sales tax.


Gas Meter Reading Fee 


Fee charged by propane distributor is taxable if the service is not separable from sale of taxable sales of propane.


Preparation of Sales Tax Return and Exemption Certificates


Internet service that prepares sales tax exemption certificates and sales tax returns is a non-taxable service.


Taxability of Service Charge of Call Center Employing Independent Contractors to Perform Work for Clients in State


Taxability of mark-up charged by in cases of resellers, agents, brokers, third party contracts.  .


Print and Mail Services / Data Transfer / Address Confirmation / Electronic Data Search.


General discussion of applicability of sales tax to company providing printing services.


Display Items 


Retailer may be liable for use tax for items pulled from inventory.


Nominal Purchase Price Taxable


Nominal price paid by lessee to purchase vehicle at expiration of finance lease is subject to sales or use tax.


Pet Recovery Products and Services


Sales tax due on bundled sales of taxable products and non-taxable services.


Modular Home


Modular home retailer liable for sales or use tax in Colorado


Downloaded Data


Documents downloaded by customers from the Internet subject to sales or use tax


Agent's Responsibility for Tax Returns and Remittance / Income Tax for Industrial Banks


Sales tax license and registration must be under taxpayer's name, not agent of taxpayer who invoices and collects tax from lessees.  Sale of finance lease accelerates sales tax obligation.  General discussion of income tax regarding industrial banks.


Maintenance and Service Agreements


Sales tax applies to maintenance and service agreements sold in connection with sale of taxable goods, unless agreement is in a separate contract or retailer obtains permission to exempt a percentage of sales price.  No exemption if customer has no option but to purchase maintenance/service agreement as part of purchase of taxable goods.


Oilfield Fishing Equipment


Taxability of oilfield fishing equipment will depend on whether the true object of the transaction is a service or the rental of taxable tangible personal property.  The department will consider a number of factors, including whether customer charged a lump sum, whether customer must use taxpayer's equipment operator, and whether customer has obligations typical of a lessee.




Intrastate Voice over Internet Protocol is a taxable telecommunication service.


Carbon Dioxide / Tanks


Supplier's sale of carbon dioxide to retailer for carbonation of beverages is exempt from sales tax, but sale of nitrogen is not exempt. Charges for tank retail and storage tanks do not qualify as exempt under container exemption.


Transportation Services


Charges for transportation services are presumed exempt, but are taxable if purchaser must use the service, seller does not separately state the charge for services, or the service is inseparable from sale of taxable goods.


Patient Meals


Medical facility is the consumer of patient meals and must pay sales tax on the charges it pays to the food service company, including charges for overhead and management fees.


Medical Device / Service v. Sale of TPP


Sale of catheter is not an exempt therapeutic device because it is not sold pursuant to a written recommendation. A healthcare provider is a provider of a service and cannot claim a resale exemption for the catheter by itemizing it on the patient's invoice.


Conversion of Association into Corporation


Conversion of a church organized as an unincorporated association into a corporate sole does not create a sale or use tax obligation because the corporation is an exempt entity. Declined to address whether conversion constitutes a sale or is supported by consideration.

 GIL-10-001 Daily Rental Fee 
  Daily rental fee applies only to retailers who typically lease motor vehicles for less than 30 days, regardless of whether the vehicle was leased for more than 30 days.


Lay-a-way and Partial Payment Plans


Sales tax is not due on installment payments made on lay-a-way and partial payment plans until final payment is made.


Direct Marketing Advertising Material


Out-of-state direct marketing company is subject to consumer's use tax for material mailed to Colorado recipients.

 GIL-11-002 Sales Tax on Personal Property
  Charge for reimbursement for personal property tax incurred by lessor and separately stated on lease invoice is included in calculation of sales tax owed by leassee. 
 GIL-11-003 Auctioneer Administrative Fees
  Auctioneer fees that are not optional and viewed as inseparable from the sales transaction are included in the sales tax calculation.
 GIL-11-004 Auctioneer's Obligation of Sales Tax Collection on Motor Vehicles
  An auctioneer who sells a motor vehicle on behalf of an owner is, unless an exception applies, a retailer and must collect and remit sales tax administered by the department.
 GIL-11-005 Insulin Infusion Pumps
  An infusion pump and related disposable supplies are exempt as an "insulin measuring and injection device" because the pump measures an insulin dosage and injects the insulin. 
 GIL-11-006 Manufacturer's Coupons
  A retailer is reimbursed by the manufacturer for the amount of the reduction in purchase price; thus, sales tax applies to the full selling price before the deduction for the manufacturer's coupon. 
 GIL-11-007 Freight-in Transportation Charges
  Transportation charges incurred from transporting tangible personal property from the place of production or manufacturer to the seller or to the seller's agent or representative are deemed "freight-in" charges and are subject to tax.


Software Application or Service

  Users true object is the use of the service provided rather than the lease of computer servers or software.
 GIL-11-008 Bi-weekly Newspapers / Printers
  A newspaper distributed every two weeks does not qualify as a "newspaper" that is exempt from Colorado sales and use taxes. A printer must collect sales tax from the distributor of a non-exempt newspaper. 


Food and Nutritional Products


Products in question qualify as 'food' and, therefore, are exempt from state sales and use taxes if sold for domestic home consumption. These products are subject to local sales taxes of those jurisdictions that have elected to levy sales and use taxes on food, unless the product is purchases with SNAP or WIC benefits.

 GIL-11-009 Rebates
  Programs offering consumers rebates for certain purchases are not deducted from the sales price when computing sales tax.
 PLR-11-009 Photovoltaic Energy Systems
  The purchase and lease of photovoltaic energy systems by an entity other than the ultimate user is exempt from state and state-administered sales and use taxes under the Renewable Components exemption, except on an on-site monitoring system which is subject to sales and use taxes.
 GIL-11-010 Liquor-Filled Candy
  Liqour-filled candy does not qualify as exempt food for state sales and use taxes and state-administered local sales tax purposes.
 PLR-11-010 Partial Purchase Price Exemption
  A portion of the purchase price of a fuel used in manufacturing a tangible personal property is exempt from sales and use taxes if a portion of the fuel material is a necessary and desirable component of the manufactured product.
 GIL-11-011 Services Related to Medical Devices 
  Colorado does not impose sales tax on the provisioning of medical-related services. 
 GIL-11-013 Lease Payments
  In a 'true' lease, lessor is required to pay sales tax on a purchase from a vendor if the sale takes place in Colorado or pay Colorado use tax if the purchase from a vendor occurs outside Colorado. In a finance lease, the "lessor" must collect tax on the "lease" payments. 


Electronically Delivered Newspapers and Magazines


Monthly newspapers and magazines delivered electronically are subject to sales tax.

 GIL-12-001 Prescription Reviews
  Pharmacist's review of patient's medication record is a service and not subject to sales and use tax, unless the sale of service and tangible personal property are inseparable and the "true object" of the patient is the report.
 PLR-12-001 (amended) Drug-Device Combination Products
 PLR-12-001 Product, which provides a framework over which bones grow and heal, is exempt as material furnished by a licensed provider as part of the provider's professional service to the patient, even if Product is sold to hospitals, clinics or surgery centers. Product does not qualify for the durable medical equipment exemption and may not qualify for prosthetic device exemption.
 GIL-12-002 Bio-Engineered Medical Device/Orthotic
  A shoe insert does not qualify for the prosthetic device exemption. 
 PLR-12-002 Affiliate Nexus
  Company has nexus in Colorado because it is a component member of a combined group of corporations and another component member has a business presence in Colorado. In addition, Affiliated Company is an indirect representative of Company when it acts on behalf of Company to solicit and facilitate sales and sales-related activities because, among other reasons, it accepts return on behalf of Company and participates in a loyalty points program with Affiliated Company. Therefore, Company must open a sales tax account and retailer's use tax account to report and collect local and special district taxes for sales shipped into local jurisdictions in which Affiliated Company's stores are located.
 GIL-12-003 Law-a-way Service and Cancellation Fees
  A lay-a-way service is not a sale until final payment. The lay-a-way service fee is included in the sales tax calculation if the fee for the service is not optional. If the lay-a-way is canceled before title or possession is transfer to customer, then the lay-a-way service fee and cancellation fee is not subject to sales tax because there was no taxable sale.
 PLR-12-003 Charges for Services
  Charges for services, as described in the ruling, are not subject to sales or use tax, regardless of whether Company provides copy/print center services. Company's charges for certain services would become subject to sales or use tax if Company does not separately state charges for tangible personal property used by Company to provide the services.
 GIL-12-004 Fluoride Varnishes and Streaming Videos to Dentist's Office
  Fluoride varnishes sold to a dentist's office may qualify as material furnished to a patient as part of a licensed provider's professional service. General discussion on whether electronically delivered informational videos delivered to a business are subject to tax.
 PLR-12-004 Drug-Device Combination Products
  Product, which provides for bone void filling and fracture repair of the pelvis and extremities, is exempt as material furnished by a licensed provider as part of the provider's professional service to the patient, even if Product is purchased by hospitals, clinics or surgery centers.
 GIL-12-005 Internal and External Fabrication Labor Costs
  Fabrication labor costs performed by a fabricator on goods that the fabricator later converts to its own use are not included in fabricator's use tax calculation; but fabrication costs are included in the sales tax calculation if the fabricator sells its fabricated goods at retail. Charges for fabrication services performed by a third party are included in the sales tax calculation of the fabricator's retail sale of the fabricated goods to the ultimate consumer if the third party provides the fabricator with the materials and fabrication services.
 PLR-12-005 Welding Gases and Tools
  Welding gases that are a fuel or energy source used in one of the enumerated industries are exempt from sales and use tax.  Oxygen and inert gases used in welding are not exempt fuel gases.  Hand-held torches and welding attachments, parts, and related tools are not machinery or machine tools exempt from Colorado sales and use tax.

Application Service Providers


Computer software that is used by a consumer via an ASP is not taxable computer software because the software is not considered to be delivered to the consumer in a tangible medium.

 PLR-12-006 Food and Nutritional Products
  Products qualify as 'food' and, therefore, are exempt from state sales and use taxes if sold for domestic home consumption. Products are subject to local sales taxes of local jurisdictions that elect to levy sales and use taxes on food, unless product is purchased with SNAP or WIC benefits. The tax treatment of a bundled transaction depends on the items in the bundle, the value of the items, and whether the items are separable.
 GIL-12-007 Transportation Charges
  Transportation charges that are inseparable from the sale of the good are taxable. Non-optional charges by wholesaler to retailer for drop shipment transportation of goods are not 'freight-in' charges and are taxable if passed on the customer.
 PLR-12-007 Subscription Fees
  A subscription fee for an online publication, which is a duplicate of Company's newspaper, is not subject to state and state-administered local sales and use taxes because it is still considered a newspaper. A subscription fee for access to stock screens, comparative performance ratings, and emerging stocks is a service and, thus, not subject to state sales or use tax.
 GIL-12-008 Sales to Native American Tribal Members and Tribal Governments
  A sale of tangible personal property to a Native American tribal member is exempt from sales tax if the sale occurs on the tribal member's tribal land. However, sales to non-tribal members on tribal lands are not exempt, and sales to tribal members off the member's tribal lands are not exempt sales.
 GIL-12-009 Durable Medical Equipment
  A medical device can qualify for the durable medical equipment exemption if it (a) can withstand repeated use; (b) is primarily and customarily used to serve a medical purpose; (c) is generally not useful to a person in the absence of illness or injury; and (d) is not worn in or on the body.
 GIL-12-010 Tangible Personal Property Assembled in Colorado
  Colorado generally exempts from sales and use tax tangible personal property purchased by a manufacturer who integrates the property into a finished manufactured or processed product and holds the same for resale. This exemption applies regardless of whether the finished goods are sold inside or outside Colorado.
 GIL-12-011 Reimbursable expenses
  In general, reimbursable expenses are not subject to sales or use tax, unless the reimbursement is more properly viewed as a resale of taxable goods. However, if goods or services for which reimbursement is sought are more fairly construed as being consumed by a company rather than by the company’s client, then the reimbursement charge to the client is not treated as a resale of the goods or services.
 GIL-12-012 Non-resident Leases of Passenger Cars
  The place where the vehicle is registered will determine which state and local taxes apply. If the person leasing the vehicle is, at the time the lease is executed, a non-resident of Colorado and immediately takes the vehicle to another state for use outside of Colorado, then Company/dealer is not liable to collect any taxes on the leased vehicle.
 GIL-12-013 Training Classes for Corporations
  The provision of education and training is generally a non-taxable service.  If tangible personal property is transferred from the educational service provider to the student, this may change the tax obligation. Company may need to remit income tax if it has sufficient nexus to be considered to be doing business in Colorado.
 GIL-12-014 Full-Service Truck Washes
  Full-service truck washes are generally viewed as a non-taxable service. However, Company must pay use tax on supplies used within the wash process.
 GIL-12-015 Manufacturing Equipment Exemption for Bakeries
  Large-scale wholesale bakery would likely be treated as a as manufacturer. If Company is engaged in manufacturing, then purchases of machinery or machine tools and parts thereof are exempt from state sales and use tax when the machinery is used in manufacturing.
 GIL-12-017 Products for the Blind and Legally Blind
  The optical sales and services exemption explicitly excludes Braille reading devices. Products may qualify for the durable medical equipment exemption if the Braille devices serve a “medical” purpose and are dispensed and purchased pursuant to a prescription.
 GIL-12-018 Special Mobile Machinery
  When Company and lessee / purchaser are located in the same tax jurisdiction, then Company must collect sales tax for that state-administered local tax jurisdiction, but does not have an obligation to collect the local sales taxes of other local tax jurisdictions in which Company does not have a sufficient nexus.
 PLR-13-002 Invoice Component Fees
  Fees charged by a company in the business of retrieving and copying medical records of health providers for use by insurance companies, lawyers, and other third-parties are not subject to sales and use tax.
 GIL-13-003 Rental and Labor Charges
  If a retailer provides both taxable tangible personal property and non-taxable services, the taxability of the transaction is generally be determined on whether the “true object” of the transaction is the sale of a service or rental of tangible personal property.
 PLR-13-003 Computer Software and Computer Software Maintenance Contracts
  Software that is prepackaged, has a nonnegotiable license agreement, and is delivered on a tangible medium is taxable.  Nonnegotiable software license agreements presented to the buyer on-line qualify as a tear-open, nonnegotiable license. Optional maintenance agreements are generally viewed as a service and are not subject to sales and use tax.
 GIL-13-004 Special District Taxes
  Sales of fuel for industrial purposes are exempt from state, state-administered cities, counties, and special districts sales taxes.
 PLR-13-004 Installation, Repair and Inspection Charges and Payments to Third Party Subcontractors
  Company’s charges for installation, repair, or inspection of fire suppression system built into real property are subject to sales tax when billing clients on a time and material basis for work performed by a subcontractor. Company’s payments to subcontractors for this work are not subject to sales tax.
 GIL-13-005 Tear Serum Testing Modules
  The exemption for “blood test” does not include a test relating to tears produced by the eye, even though the tests are similar in some respects.
 PLR-13-005 Retrieving and Copying Medical Records
  Fees charged by a company in the business of retrieving and copying medical records of health providers  are not subject to sales and use tax because Company is providing a service.
 GIL-13-006 Resale Exemption Certificates
  Colorado allows Company, as a wholesaler, to accept sales tax licenses and exemption certificates issued by another state.  If Company contracts to sell its product directly to the consumer and the consumer has an exemption certificate issued by another state, then Company is not required to collect sales tax from the consumer.  However, if Company sells its product to a retailer and the retailer does not have a sales tax license or exemption certificate issued by Colorado or another state, then Company must collect sales tax from the retailer, even if the ultimate consumer has an exemption certificate issued by Colorado or another state.
 PLR-13-006 Hardware, Software and Services
  The hardware and software purchased by Company is consumed by Company in the provisioning of services to clients and is not rented to clients. Company, who provides routing of intrastate telephone calls and other communications, is providing intrastate telecommunication services in Colorado.
 GIL-13-007 Maintenance Agreements
  Company's client pays an IT services company to install free Microsoft patches and software upgrades, which are taxable standardized software, indicates that the true object is the sale of a nontaxable service rather than the sale of tangible personal property.
 PLR-13-007 Third Party Administrator of Insurance Claim Obligations
  Company’s purchases from suppliers are exempt wholesale purchases when Company resells the goods to the insurance companies. Therefore, Company must collect the applicable sales taxes from insurance companies.
 GIL-13-008 Fees Associated with Company-Owned Vending Machines
  The taxability of various fees charged by a vending machine operator whose vending machines are located at customers' locations are discussed.
 PLR-13-009 Consigned Merchandise Procured for Auction
  Company, which has nexus in Colorado, must collect sales tax on property sold at its auctions, which are conducted outside Colorado, if the taxable tangible personal property is delivered to a buyer who is located in Colorado, or delivered to a person who is designated by buyer to receive the goods and who is located in Colorado.  Company also has an obligation to collect Colorado use tax if the sale is deemed to occur outside Colorado but is delivered into Colorado to the buyer for use, storage, or consumption in Colorado.  Company does not have an obligation to collect sales or use tax if the property is sold at auction conducted outside Colorado and the property is delivered to the buyer or consumer who is located outside Colorado.
 GIL-13-010 Re-Rental Equipment
  A company that leases equipment from a rental company and that uses its own employees or subcontracts with an independent contractor to operate the equipment cannot claim a resale exemption.
 GIL-13-011 Plumber's Fees
  The method a plumber uses to invoice customers determines how sales and use tax is collected.
GIL-13-012 Sutures and IV Catheters
  Sutures qualify for an exemption but IV catheters do not.
 GIL-13-013 Meal Included in 501(c)(3) Organization’s $25,000 Proceeds Limit
  The net price of the dinner charged by a charitable entity for a fundraising event is included in the gross proceeds calculation of the $25,000 net proceeds exemption.


Software License Renewal


A charge for a license renewal to use taxable software is subject to tax when the original license and software were delivered by a tangible medium but the renewal is delivered electronically with no transfer of tangible personal property because the license renewal  is simply a charge for the continuing right to use taxable tangible personal property.

 GIL-13-015 Fees and Charges Applied to Utility Bills
  The taxability of charges for connecion, disconnection, late-payment and other items are discussed.
 GIL-13-016 Fair Market Value Lease Rate
  The Department generally uses the lease price resulting from arms-length transactions as the best method for valuing an airplane lease price that is not the result of an arms-length transaction.  If arms-length pricing is not available, the Department will look at various cost components, including interest rates, to calculate the fair market value of airplane lease payments.
 GIL-13-017 Seeds and Plants, Food and Dietary Supplements, Medical Supplies, Test Kits, and a Coupon Book
  Exemptions listed under §39-26-716, C.R.S. apply to commercial agriculture and livestock operations.  Seeds and orchard trees that are not used for a commercial agricultural purpose are not exempt. Colorado excludes dietary supplements from the definition of food. See ruling for discussion of medical supplies, test kits and coupon books.


Entry Towers


If entry towers are fixtures, their taxability will depend upon the type of contract Company uses with the owner. Contractors who charge the owner a lump sum amount do not collect sales tax from the owner, and, instead, pays sales tax when they acquire the building materials from the supplier or manufacturer.  If a contractor uses a “time-and-material” contract with the owner, then the contractor must collect sales tax from the owner on the marked-up price of the entry tower, but not on the labor charges.

 GIL-13-019 Sale of Domestic Jet Fuel for Commercial International Flights
  Colorado exempts from its fuel excise tax specially blended kerosene and other fuel products if they are exempt from federal aviation fuel taxes and used in aircraft operated by scheduled air carriers or commuter airline operators.
 GIL-13-020 Electronically Delivered Software
  Electronically delivered goods, such as music, movies and books will still be viewed as taxable sales of tangible personal property after July 1, 2012, which is the effective date of amendments to the statutory definition of tangible personal property that exclude electronically delivered computer software. The amendments also exclude from tax charges by application service providers (ASP).
 GIL-13-022 Material Safety Data Sheet
  Reports and completed applications for governmental regulatory compliance activities are generally treated as a service. However, access to data, without any significant analysis of the data by Company, would generally be treated as a taxable digital product.
 GIL-13-023 Lease of Medical Equipment
  A lessor of a “true lease” must pay sales taxes when it acquires the property if the lease term is three years or less, unless the lessor obtains prior permission from the Department to collect sales or use tax on lease payments. If the lessor uses a leases that is more than three years in duration or if the lease is a finance lease (regardless of whether it is more or less than thirty month duration), then lessor must collect sales or use tax on the lease payments, including the final “purchase” payment, and lessor does not have the option to pay sales or use tax when it first acquires the property.
 GIL-13-027 Drilling Equipment
  Company’s purchases of steel, cement, pipe, and other material from suppliers are not wholesale purchases because Company alters and uses the materials to build structures. If the sale of equipment occurs outside Colorado and Company pays sales or use tax to another state and Company, thereafter, moves the machinery to Colorado for use in Colorado, then Company must pay Colorado state use tax and any state-administered local use tax applicable to the location where the machinery is registered. Company is entitled to a credit against any such Colorado state and local use taxes equal to the amount of sales or use tax paid to the other state.
 GIL-13-028 Bagged and Packaged Salads
  Bagged salads that do not include salad dressing or utensils qualify as food for home consumption. Bagged salads that contain all the ingredients of a prepared salad, including the salad dressing, and packaged salads in the shape of a bowl that contain a variety of lettuce, vegetables, salad dressing, a utensil, and may include meat, are “prepared salads” subject to tax.
 GIL-14-001 Promotional Videos
  The production of a video is a non-taxable sale of services, even though some property is transferred from seller to buyer.  If charges for the raw footage and project file reflect the value of the services to produce the raw video and not the value of the property, the raw footage and project files will also be considered a non-taxable service.  As a result, Company must pay sales or use tax on the items it uses to perform its service.
 GIL-14-002 Modular Homes
  The tax liability will depend upon the type of contract the builder uses with the homeowner.
 PLR-14-002 Foot Orthotics, Braces, Splints, and Implant Kits
  Most foot orthotics, braces, and splints are exempt only if furnished to the patient by a licensed provider as part of the provider's professional service. A joint implant and pins, which are purchased together with a drill bit as a "kit", are exempt from tax, but the drill bit included in the kit is subject to tax.
 GIL-14-003 Domestic Jet Fuel Used in International Flights
  Colorado sales tax applies to aviation fuel sold in Colorado to commercial airlines even if the fuel is used for international flights.
 PLR-14-003 Aggregate Mining, Asphalt and Recycled Asphalt Production
  Asphalt production inside and outside an enterprise zone is manufacturing, unless fifty percent or more of the new asphalt is comprised of recycled asphalt. If new asphalt is comprised of fifty percent or more of recycled asphalt, then production of such asphalt is not manufacturing, regardless of whether it is inside or outside an enterprise zone. Aggregate mining and recycled asphalt production is manufacturing when performed in an enterprise zone, but is not manufacturing when performed outside an enterprise zone. Use tax does not apply on aggregate materials mined from manufacturer’s own gravel pit. Lease payments related to mining may constitute the taxable sale of tangible personal property.
 GIL-14-004 Sales Taxability of Federal Excise Tax on Jet Fuel Sales
  Sales tax is calculated on the price charged to the customer.  However, if the purchaser is levied a direct federal tax, the sales tax calculation excludes the direct federal tax. A direct federal tax is a tax levied by the United States on the taxpayer, which, in the case of sales tax, is the purchaser.
 GIL-14-006 Alternating Current Electricity
  “Renewable energy” does not include burning natural gas and equipment used to capture thermal heat from the combustion of natural gas and does not qualify for the sales tax exemption for components used in the production of alternating current electricity from a renewable energy source.
 GIL-14-007 Intrauterine Devices
  An IUD that releases hormones is considered a drug and is exempt if dispensed pursuant to a prescription by a licensed provider. An IUD, whether furnished to a patient pursuant to a prescription or not, will likely qualify for the exemption for materials furnished by a licensed provider as part of their professional services because only a licensed provider can insert an IUD and the patient leaves the licensed provider’s office with the IUD.
 GIL-14-008 Membership Fees/Partial Refund
  When a membership fee includes both the transfer of tangible personal property and the provision of services (or intangibles) to the buyer, the entire transaction will generally be treated as taxable, unless the true object of the transaction is the acquisition of services (or intangibles) and the value of the tangible personal property is inconsequential. A partial refund of the purchase price presumably means that the buyer has used the property to some extent and, therefore, no refund of tax is allowed.  However, if the refund is for property that has not been used, such as in the case of a canceled magazine subscription and the refund reflects the magazines not yet delivered, then a refund of tax for the partial refund of the purchase price is permitted.
 GIL-14-009 Demand Charge
  A demand charge for the sale of electricity is taxable unless used for residential or industrial purposes.
 GIL-14-012 Infusion Pumps
  An infusion pump that administers medications through infusion is exempt from Colorado sales and use tax if prescribed by a licensed provider.
 GIL-14-014 Hemodialysis Devices
  Hemodialysis devices may qualify for the durable medical equipment exemption.