Yellow Nutsedge

(Cyperus esculentus)


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© Richard Old
© John Cardina
© Lynn Soshokie
© John Byrd

Yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus) is a warm season, perennial species that is native to Europe. Plants range from 6 to 30 inches tall. Leaves originate from the base of each stem and are grasslike, smooth, glossy, and folded lengthwise. The stems are pithy and triangular in cross-section. The flower inflorescence is umbrella-shaped, has up to 40 florets per flattened spikelet, and subtended by 3 to 9, long, leaflike bracts. Flowers are yellowishbrown in color and appear from June to October. The root system on each plant can produce hundreds to thousands of hard, round, brownblack tubers in a season; the tubers can survive 3 to 4 years. Yellow nutsedge is particularly noticeable in July and August when it grows more quickly than native species and stands out visually.




Yellow nutsedge map