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Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment | Health Facilities



Healthcare-associated pneumonia occurs when someone gets a lung infection during or following a stay in a healthcare setting (for example, a hospital or long-term care facility). The infection is caused by bacteria that colonize on a patient's breathing machine (ventilator).


Certain people are more likely to become ill with pneumonia. This includes adults 65 years of age or older and children younger than 5 years of age. People 65 years of age and under who have underlying medical conditions (like diabetes or HIV/AIDS) and people 19 through 64 who smoke cigarettes or have asthma are also at increased risk for getting pneumonia.


 Ventilator associated Pneumonia:
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a lung infection that develops in a person who is on a ventilator. A ventilator is a machine that is used to help a patient breathe by giving oxygen through a tube placed in a patient’s mouth or nose, or through a hole in the front of the neck. An infection occurs when germs enter through the tube and get into the patient’s lungs. It is estimated that the average medical costs attributed to VAP range from $11,897 to $25,072 per infection.

 **Pneumonia is not a required reportable event to the Colorado State Health Department. However it is a type of HAI.

Click here to read more about VAP from the CDC.


Non-ventilator associated Pneumonia:
Pneumonia is not attributable to the ventilator device when the onset of symptoms occurs more than 48 hours after the removal of the ventilator.