The Compliance Test Manual explains the procedures for performance testing. This manual also describes important elements that should be found in the test protocol and the test report. In many cases, stationary sources are required to perform testing in order to demonstrate compliance with federal or state emissions limitations. In addition, sources required to install Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems must perform certification tests to prove that the monitors are accurate. The EPA has developed test methods to be used for this purpose. The most commonly used test methods can be found in 40 C.F.R. Part 60 - Appendix A. Procedures to be used in certifying Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems are found in Appendix B of this part. Other EPA test methods are found in 40 C. F. R. Part 51 - Appendix M, Part 61 - Appendix B, and Part 63 - Appendix A, among other places. Copies of these test methods can be found at the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Emission Measurement Center.
The Colorado Air Quality Control Commission Common Provisions Regulation establishes that the owner or operator of a facility required to do performance testing notify the Air Pollution Control Division at least 30 days prior to any performance testing in order for the Division to arrange to have an observer present during the testing. In most cases the Division will send someone to observe the performance testing. The Division's policy requires that a test protocol, describing the test methods to be used and the conditions that testing will be performed under, be submitted 30 days prior to testing as well. In some cases, the Division will be willing to schedule a test on less than 30 days notice, however, the testing may need to be postponed if there are any problems with the test protocol or the scheduled date. Within 30 days of the completion of the testing, a report detailing the results of the tests must be submitted to the Division.