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Inspections/ Enforcement

The Field Services Unit of the Stationary Sources Program is responsible for assuring compliance with and enforcement of regulations for stationary sources of air pollution in the state of Colorado. The unit's staff work in conjunction with staff from nine local health departments who under contract perform air pollution control activities in their counties.

Field Services Unit Functions:
  • Inspection of industrial sources:
    • Industrial sources of air pollution are inspected by state and local inspectors to determine their compliance with applicable air pollution regulations.
  • Observation of emissions testing of industrial facilities:
    • Some sources may be required to test for the amount and type of emissions they generate from their stacks. State inspectors generally will observe those tests to make sure they are done properly and according to specific test methods.
  • Verification and review of various reports sent in by sources:
    • Some sources are required to submit reports on their emissions or problems at their sources. Those reports are sent to the Division and reviewed by state personnel.
  • Complaint investigation:
    • Complaints filed by the public against sources of air pollution are investigated by state or local inspectors.
  • Issuance of Open Burning Permits:
    • Open burning permits are required for any burning of material (with some exceptions) that individual sources want to do. Applications are reviewed and approved or denied by the state or local agencies.
  • Enforcement actions against violators of state regulations:
    • Sources that violate state regulations are issued a notice of violation. A conference is held and a compliance order may be issued ordering sources to comply with state regulations. Orders may include civil and other penalties.
  • Providing information to public:
    • Information is provided to the public as requests are received.
  • Observation and verification of certification tests done on continuous emissions monitors:
    • Some sources may be required to test for emissions to verify accuracy of monitoring equipment they have. These certification tests are generally observed by state inspectors to make sure they are done properly.
  • Final approval construction permit support work:
    • Sources are required to certify that they are complying with emission permit conditions. The process that was developed for this purpose is called self-certification. The Division and local agencies review that information, may make site inspections and will provide assistance if requested by the source to assure compliance with permit conditions. Final approval for a permit can be issued once this process is completed.
  • Federal - state interaction and cooperation:
    • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency provides funding to the Colorado to ensure air quality regulations and requirements are enforced and air quality programs are implemented by the state. This is done on an annual basis and is documented in the Performance Partnership Agreement between the EPA and the state. The state and the EPA maintain a good working relationship to make sure air quality in Colorado is protected and improved.