Youth Work Hours

 

The Colorado Youth Employment Opportunity Act (CYEOA) of 1971 is a state law regulating youth employment in the state of Colorado.  In addition to reviewing the restrictions under the CYEOA, the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) should be reviewed.  The FLSA is a federal law and its regulations do not permit the employment of minors in a variety of circumstances.  The Colorado Division of Labor is a state agency and cannot intervene or assist in matters involving the application and interpretation of federal laws.

NOTE: When both federal and state laws apply, the more stringent standard must be observed. For more information about federal law and the FLSA, please contact the U.S. Department of Labor at 720-264-3250 or 866-487-9243.

School Day Work Hours

On school days, during school hours, no minor under the age of sixteen shall be permitted employment except as provided by a school release permit pursuant to 8-12-113.

After school hours: no minor under the age of sixteen shall be permitted to work in excess of six hours unless the next day is not a school day.

Nighttime Work Hour Restrictions

Except for babysitters, no minor under the age of sixteen shall be permitted to work between the hours of nine-thirty p.m. and five a.m., unless the next day is not a school day. An exception to this rule is a minor employed as an actor, model, or performer as authorized by section 8-12-104 (2).

No employer shall be permitted to work a minor more than forty hours in a week or more than eight hours in any twenty-four-hour period. In case of emergencies which may arise in the conduct of an industry or occupation (not subject to a wage order promulgated under article 6 of this title) the director may authorize an employer to allow a minor to work more than eight hours in a twenty-four hour period. In such emergencies an employee shall be paid at a rate of one and one-half times his time rate as determined in accordance with the provisions of section 8-6-106 for each hour worked in excess of forty hours in a week.

Seasonal Employment Exception

In seasonal employment for the culture, harvest, or care of perishable products where wages are paid on a piece basis, as determined in accordance with the provisions of 8-6-106, a minor fourteen years of age or older may be permitted to work hours in excess of the nighttime limitations described above; but in no case is he permitted to work more than twelve hours in any twenty-four hour period nor more than thirty hours in any seventy-two-hour period; except that a minor fourteen or fifteen years of age may work more than eight hours per day on only ten days in any thirty-day period. Overtime wage provision of the above nighttime section shall not apply to this exception.

 

References

Advisory Bulletin: Youth Employment Work Hours, 7(III)
Colorado Revised Statute 8-12-101 et seq.  (Colorado Youth Employment Opportunity Act)
Colorado Revised Statute 8-6-101 et seq. (Minimum Wages of Workers)
Colorado Revised Statutes 8-12-105 (Hours of Work)

Websites

U.S. Department of Labor Youth and Labor Information

 

Quick Links

Fact Sheet: Colorado Youth Employment Opportunity Act
Youth Employment Law