Administrative Services provides support in carrying out the mission, goals and objectives of the organization. Administrative services include the following program areas:
|Capital and Financial||Quality Assurance|
|Client Services||Research and Evaluation|
|Clinical Services||Senate Bill 91-94|
|Education Services||Staff Development|
|Food Services||Victim and Restorative Community Justice Services|
Senate Bill 91-94 created state statute that provided the basis for a “detention continuum.” The initiative, still referred to as “Senate Bill 94”, provides structure and funding to local jurisdictions for a continuum of services designed to ensure that youth are supervised/incarcerated at a level that is commensurate with their risk to the community. Prior to the 1991 Legislative Session, the projections for future Division of Youth Corrections (DYC) detention populations were indicating the need for approximately 500 additional state secure detention beds in the DYC system. Discussions among the Executive Director of the then Department of Institutions, DYC Staff, Legislators and Joint Budget Committee Staff included the possibility of local service options as a viable alternative to building expensive state detention facilities. These discussions culminated in the development of Senate Bill 91-94, which was introduced and adopted during the 1991 Legislative Session. One provision of the bill provided for the establishment of a Juvenile Services Fund that would provide resources to local jurisdictions on or after July 1, 1993, to fund alternative to incarceration services described in local juvenile services plans developed by each jurisdiction. Plans were to include, but not be limited to, such services as “intervention, treatment, supervisions, lodging, assessment, bonding programs and family services.” These services were to be designed, for appropriate youth, as viable alternative to placement in State-funded detention and commitment facilities.
During fiscal-year 1993-1994, local juvenile services plans that provided for alternatives to incarceration were developed, approved, and implemented in each of the twenty-two judicial districts. Senate Bill 94 (SB 94) programs were viewed as an important element in meeting DYC bed capacity needs. It was therefore determined that DYC budget documents, and the General Assembly’s formula for funding DYC capacity needs, would assume that SB-94 programs would be 70% successful in preventing the placement of at-risk youth in state-operated facilities. Thus, all funding decisions since that time estimated that SB 94 program services would reduce the need for State-Funded beds.
Senate Bill 1363, enacted during the 1996 Legislative Session, deleted the list of potential services included in Senate Bill 91-94 and replaced it with language stating that juveniles services funds should be expended for services that are intended “to prevent the juvenile from being held in detention prior to adjudication or prior to being sentenced to detention or committed to the department of human services; or to reduce the length of time the juvenile is held in pre-adjudication or post-adjudication detention or in a commitment facility.”
Senate Bill 286, enacted during the 2003 Legislative Session, placed a statutory limit on state funded secure and staff-secure detention beds of 479 beds. Each of the State’s 22 Judicial Districts receives an allocation of secure and/or staff-secure detention beds. Judicial districts are required to develop plans to manage the number of allocated beds to ensure that the judicial district does not exceed its allocation.
The Senate Bill 94 Statewide Advisory Board serves several functions. The Board fills the role of the “working group” identified in statute. The Board’s functions are the allocation of juvenile detention beds, develop a formula for allocating funds to judicial districts, development of the criteria for placing a youth in detention and the criteria for committing a youth to the custody of the Colorado Department of Human Services.
Senate Bill 94 is implemented locally within each of the State’s 22 Judicial Districts. The Department of Human Services, Division of Youth Corrections has oversight of Senate Bill 94. The Colorado General Assembly appropriates funds for Senate Bill 94 programming to the Division of Youth Corrections. The Statewide Advisory Board is then responsible for developing an allocation formula and allocating the funds.
The Division’s Senate Bill 94 office consists of the Statewide Senate Bill 94 Coordinator and program assistant. The Statewide Senate Bill 94 Advisory Board or “working group” is comprised of juvenile justice professionals from across the state representing all juvenile justice disciplines. The advisory board advises DYC on policy issues related to Senate Bill 94. Each local Senate bill 94 program has a Juvenile Services Planning Committee (JSPC) and a local Senate Bill 94 Coordinator to have oversight of the implementation of local Senate Bill 94 Services. Detailed Descriptions of the program structure and roles of Senate Bill 94 staff, along with the enabling statutes can be found in the Senate Bill 94 Reference Manual.
Local Judicial Districts are responsible for the screening of all youth referred to secure detention and for an assessment of risk. Senate Bill 94 programs provide an array of services based upon each Judicial District’s unique Juvenile Services Plan.
Assessment Services functions as the point of entry for all youth committed to the Division of Youth Corrections. DYC Assessment units are located throughout the state, including the Southern, Western, Northeastern and Central Regions. The DYC assessment process consists of working collaboratively with community partners to create a comprehensive, individualized, and interdisciplinary assessment plan. Assessment team members apply evidence-based evaluation practices to highlight youth and family strengths and identify criminogenic risk and need factors that are contributing to the probability of engaging in future criminal behavior. All evaluation service results are reviewed at an interdisciplinary team staffing comprised of assessment team members, caregivers, advocates, community members, and both internal and external providers. The interdisciplinary review team relies upon empirically supported evaluation findings to make cooperative decisions surrounding placement and individualized, targeted youth and family recommendations for treatment.
A number of unique and specialized areas of evaluation are considered throughout the assessment process. For instance, all youth are provided with a mental health and substance use screening and assessment to ascertain any salient mental health and/or drug and alcohol concerns that may need to be addressed. Educational and vocational needs are evaluated using standardized and validated instruments, as well as through a thorough review of past educational records. In addition, all youth undergo Neuropsychological Screening and a medical examination to rule out the occurrence of brain injury and to determine current medical status, concerns, and treatment needs. Sex Offense Specific Evaluations are provided to all youth who have been either adjudicated for committing a sexual offense or whose charges include a sexual offense as the underlying factual basis. Lastly, each youth is administered the Colorado Juvenile Risk Assessment (CJRA) to identify risk, need, and protective factors that are contributing to the probability that a youth will re-offend. Results of the CJRA are combined with findings from the assessment disciplines described above to enhance understanding of each youth’s criminogenic risk, protective, and need factors.
The Colorado Department of Human Services, Division of Youth Corrections provides education services to all committed youth. However, youth in secure State-operated detention facilities are provided educational services through local school districts.
Although the State of Colorado, Division of Youth Corrections operates the secure detention facilities, the responsibility to educate youth residing in secure detention centers belongs to the local school district in which the detention facility is located. There are eight state operated detention centers in Colorado. The typical length of stay in Colorado detention centers is brief with an overall average of 15 days. Regular education and Special Education services are provided for youth and all detention programs meet Colorado Department of Education requirements.
Once committed, each youth completes a thorough, multidisciplinary assessment process that includes an educational assessment. By Statute, this process is required to be completed within the first 30 days of commitment. As part of this process, the DYC Educational Assessment Specialists obtain a full set of educational records, request or review any existing Individualized Education Plans (IEP), administer academic testing to determine current level of academic performance, and complete a career assessment with each student. Educational Assessment Specialists join other professionals at the multi-disciplinary team staffing held for each youth, to detail findings from all assessed areas and determine the most appropriate placement for each youth. Also in attendance at this placement meeting are the youth, the youth’s parent/guardian, and the youth’s client manager. While completing this assessment process, youth are enrolled in educational programming, attend classes and earn academic credit.
Colorado State Revised Statutes mandate that the expense of providing educational services for all youth committed to the State of Colorado Department of Human Services, Division of Youth Corrections is the responsibility of the Department of Human Services. There are six state operated secure commitment facilities. Each of these facilities has a comprehensive education program specifically designed to meet the needs of each youth. A Personal Learning Plan (PLP) is designed for each youth who is then required to attend academic, vocational or work experience programming each day as detailed in this personal plan.
The Colorado Department of Education (CDE) state standards and mandates are met by the DYC education programs. All teachers and principals are licensed by CDE. To assure quality assurance with CDE and Department/Division requirements, annual audits are performed by the DYC Office of Quality Assurance.
The Division of Youth Corrections provides educational services to adjudicated youth committed to the Department of Human Services. The ecucational programs in place meet the complex needs of a diverse student population. The programs are varied and comprehensive with a focus on leading a youth to achieve a diploma or in some cases assist youth in obtaining their G.E.D. The Educational program service delivery system is complex and includes State employed educational staff, contracts for services with local school districts, and contracts with private providers.
The mission of DYC Food Services is to provide healthy nutritious meals to the youth we serve. As participants in the National School Breakfast, Lunch, and Snack programs, DYC Food Services is subject to Federal regulations tied to nutrition and recommended daily allowances of vitamins, minerals, and fats.
Weekly menus cycle every four weeks and offer a diverse selection of foods. With a Registered Dietitian on staff, DYC Food Services has the ability to create menus for any special diets as needed.
DYC Food Services also has a youth work program at our commitment, treatment and multi-purpose facilities. The program consists of 13 units, beginning with basic sanitation and food safety and graduating to food preparation. The goal of the program is for youth to learn basic culinary and life skills.
The Division of Youth Corrections (DYC) Clinical Services Unit incorporates the collective knowledge of highly qualified, trained professional staff within the Division to promote a cost-effective and integrated system of evidence-based practices and services to assist youth and families involved in the juvenile justice system. DYC oversees the provision of services to each DYC youth, including the right type and intensity of medical, dental, mental health, substance abuse, and sex offense specific treatment. Services provided are individualized, strengths-based, and comprehensive and delivered at the appropriate time. DYC Clinical Services upholds the highest level of health care services within each DYC facility that meets or exceeds community standards, including managing external medical specialty-care referrals and psychotropic medications without compromising the youth’s health, and maintaining the highest level of confidentiality and security of protected health information. The budget is managed by the Clinical Services Unit in a manner that maximizes resources, collaborates with community agencies and programs, surmounts challenges, develops opportunities, and demonstrates a high level of accountability in resource allocation.
Additional Clinical Services Unit functions include: 1) continuous evaluation, development, and revision of clinical policies, standards, and procedures, 2) management of contracted services provided by individuals, programs, or agencies including, but not limited to, medical, dental, psychiatric, and mental health needs, and 3) provision of training and technical assistance to all clinical service providers who serve DYC youth, with an emphasis on a seamless continuum of services for youth and families. Direct services offered for DYC youth include: 1) initial and ongoing medical consultation and treatment, dental evaluation and treatment, substance abuse education, intervention, and treatment, sex offense specific evaluation and treatment, mental health evaluation and treatment, including individual, group and family treatment. Staffing in the Division includes 7 Central Office centralized positions, approximately 35 Medical contracted and state FTE, and approximately 80 mental health, substance abuse, and offense specific clinical service providers.
Client Services provides leadership, support and oversight to the regional Client Management and Parole systems through the work of the Client Services Coordinator. The Colorado Division of Youth Corrections operates an over-arching case management system. Client Managers function as case managers for committed youth beginning at initial assessment and eventually become the youth’s parole officer. Client Manager/Parole Officers are based in the four Regional Offices. The Client Services Coordinator guides the Regions in the implementation of client management practices, policies and procedures associated with the Division’s Continuum of Care. These policies, practices and procedures include actuarial risk assessment, overarching case management, multi-disciplinary team decision-making, transition/parole planning, and parole supervision. The Commitment Continuum of Care integrates a number of initiatives designed to establish best practice throughout all aspects of the organization. The Client Services Coordinator supports the link between these various initiatives and ensures consistent communication and practice statewide. This involves coordination with the Regional Directors, the Regional Client Manager Supervisors, Client Managers, Program Area Managers and the Juvenile Parole Board.
The Client Services Coordinator also provides oversight and coordination of the Division’s transition and parole resources. These resources allow for the provision of critical services to assist and support youth and families during the process of transition from residential care back to their home communities and while on parole. Services include but are not limited to Multi-Systemic Therapy, Functional Family Therapy, educational and vocational services, mentoring and substance abuse relapse prevention. The Coordinator monitors these funds and provides leadership to a team of four regional Transition Coordinators responsible for oversight of their respective regional transition and parole services.
Client Services works closely with the Division’s Office of Staff Development to support the professional growth of regional Client Managers and Client Manager Supervisors. Training emphasizes the development of skills specific to the Client Management and Supervisory functions in an effort to ensure effective services for the youth committed to the Division’s custody. Training includes a focus on the use of Motivational Interviewing skills, implementation of Restorative Community Justice principles, and effective administration and use of the Colorado Juvenile Risk Assessment. Supervisor and Client Manager training needs are assessed on a regular basis to ensure on-going professional development and best practice.
In addition to supporting internal practice and regional coordination, the Client Services Coordinator serves as the Liaison to the Juvenile Parole Board as well as the Colorado Department of Human Services Administrative Review Division to ensure on-going collaborative working relationships to best meet the needs of the youth we serve.
Integral to the Division of Youth Corrections’ Mission Statement is a commitment to Restorative Community Justice (RCJ) principles. Restorative Community Justice principles and practices are incorporated into many day-to-day applications and services. RCJ practices and principles have been utilized over many centuries and by a variety of cultures to engage individuals who have done harm to their communities. RCJ beliefs and activities work to restore individuals and relationships harmed by crime to the extent possible. RCJ practices continue to develop and evolve across all of the Division’s business units.
An RCJ approach to juvenile corrections differs significantly with a punishment focused “retributive” response. By embracing RCJ, the Division seeks to provide youth, victims and communities the services and opportunities to address the harm experienced, become involved in processes and activities that aid individuals to become increasingly whole. DYC uses a number of informal and formal processes to help youth build new skills. RCJ involves a number of highly structured and intensive processes that take place in various arenas at different levels of intensity and structure. RCJ activities may take the form of apology letters, facilitated Victim Empathy Classes, accountability circles, conflict mediation, victim offender mediation, and family conferencing.
The Division of Youth Corrections Office of Quality Assurance is responsible for the oversight of a quality assurance process that includes residential facilities, regional offices and the development of Division policies.
Residential audits are conducted annually for the Division’s secure State-operated facilities as well as staff secure private residential facilities. Audits are performed over a four day period for most facilities, looking in-depth at over 350 standards in treatment facilities and over 290 standards in detention facilities. The audit process allows for a supportive approach in order to evoke positive change in the facilities, and a means to assuring quality programming for the youth. In addition to annual audits, Monitoring visits are conducted each trimester for all Residential Facilities, to include Secure Residential Therapeutic Centers (SRTC), Therapeutic Residential Child Care Facilities (TRCCF), Residential Child Care Facilities (RCCF) and Child Placement Agencies (CPA).
The Office of Quality Assurance consists of four full-time employees and eight Subject Matter Experts that attend each audit, offering their knowledge and expertise. Areas of expertise include safety and security, human resources and training, education, clinical services, medical services, food services, sanitation and programming.
In addition to auditing facilities, the Quality Assurance team audits each of the four regional office; develops and revises Division policies; oversees the Division's risk management to include Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) compliance and emergency planning.
The Colorado Division of Youth Corrections Office of Staff Development (OSD) is a centralized unit responsible for providing or facilitating staff training opportunities and professional development programs for employees of the Division.
OSD provides Pre-Service training to all new employees, coordinates training programs for all employees to meet the annual training requirements, and provides or coordinates professional growth opportunities in order to enhance treatment services and program effectiveness. OSD provides consultation, support and assistance in planning, scheduling and conducting training that is responsive to staff needs and provides greater protection to the public through an improved level of services to the juveniles in its custody and care.
The Division of Youth Corrections Research Unit is comprised of researchers with expertise in statistics, policy analysis, evaluation, juvenile justice, evidence based practices, client management, and data systems.
The core responsibilities of the Research and Evaluation Unit include:
The Division of Youth Corrections budget is established annually through legislation. The Finance unit within the Division is responsible for developing and executing an internal budget for the Division’s various functions. This unit provides financial expertise to facilities, regional offices and central office functions. Other responsibilities include analysis of legislation for fiscal impacts, determination of IV-E eligibility & billing, analysis of funding streams and recommendations for long term financial plans. This unit coordinates with the Department of Human Services Accounting and the Department Budget Services unit.
Personnel within the Finance unit provide expertise and technical support to the rest of the Division for the creation, maintenance and monitoring of contracts. The Division contracts with vendors to provide residential and non residential services, treatment services, transition and parole services as well as a wide variety of other functions. The finance unit ensures adherence to State Fiscal and Procurement rules as well as internal procedures for the procurement of goods and services.
The Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators is dedicated to the cooperation amongst states and jurisdictions party to the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, providing for the welfare and Protection of juveniles and the public, promulgating rules and regulations, and ensuring that the provision of this Compact are uniformly administrated.
The roles of the Association of Juvenile Compact Administrators are:
The Colorado ICJ office is responsible for processing all juvenile parole and probation cases on youth wanting to relocate to Colorado and on Colorado youth wanting to relocate to another State. The Colorado ICJ office processes approximately 600 cases per year. The ICJ office monitors compliance with Federal Laws, State Statute, and Probation/Parole conditions. The ICJ office serves as a liaison between the Compacting States, Court Personnel, Law Enforcement, Probation & Parole officers and the youth’s family. The ICJ office is responsible for interpreting Colorado Statues, Federal laws and other States laws to various practitioners upon request.
The ICJ office is also responsible for returning delinquent and non-delinquent juveniles to their home states once their due process rights have been met and any pending charges are disposed of. The returns are completed or made within a 5-day time frame. The ICJ office also provides Airport Supervision to unescorted juveniles flying through Denver International Airport. The ICJ office is responsible for training all Regions and Judicial Districts on the Juvenile Interstate Compact.