If you plan to sell your eggs directly to the consumer on your farm only, and you produce less than 250 dozen per month, then you are exempt from regulation by the Colorado Department of Agriculture (CDA). Only the domesticated chicken eggs are regulated by CDA.
If you wish to sell your eggs to a local grocery store, restaurant or other institution, then an Egg Producer/Dealer license is required and your operation will be inspected. CDA inspects the processing of the eggs for good manufacturing practices and complete labeling on cartons of eggs. Details are found below on the washing, sanitizing, candling, grading, labeling and storage regulations.
The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment requires you to have a CDA Egg Producer/Dealer license to sell your eggs at a Farmers Market. The Colorado Retail Food Establishment Rules and Regulations may also require egg sellers to hold a retail food establishment license. Please contact CDPHE Retail Food Program for more information.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) has published a Fact Sheet on the safe handling of shell eggs. Go to the Egg safety page from FSIS to find more information.
Dirty eggs can be a health hazard if they are not properly cleaned and sanitized. Dirty eggs should be washed using an unscented dishwashing liquid or another food-grade detergent. Water temperature should be no less than 110°F and no more than 120°F. For information on USDA-approved egg washing compounds, go to http://www.nsf.org/usda/PSNCListings.asp and look for Shell Egg information under Q1.
After washing the eggs, they should be sanitized by dipping or spraying using a chlorinated or hydrogen peroxide solution. To dip, make up a basin containing 1 to 2 gallons of 120°F water and bleach at 100-200 ppm chlorine. A 200 ppm chlorine solution can be made by mixing 1 oz bleach with 1 gallon of water. To spray eggs, a spray bottle with 120°F water and bleach at 100-200 ppm is good. If eggs are to be used for retail sales, a chemical method of sanitization should be used. For guidance from the FDA on sanitizing shell eggs, go to Egg safety page from FDA.
All eggs destined for sale off-farm must be candled using a device sufficient to view the interior of the egg. A commercial candler is a specially made light projector for this purpose, but a homemade candler may also be used. Meat spots, blood spots, and cracked egg shells can be viewed only by candling. Any egg that is defective should not be distributed for sale.
Candling eggs is the best way to find the size of the air cell, and thereby determine the quality grade of the egg.
Before being sold in Colorado, all eggs shall be graded into Colorado consumer grades and weight classes which are based on USDA standards of quality. The grade of an egg is a guarantee of quality, AA being the highest. The grade is most easily determined by candling to gauge the size of the air cell in the large end of the egg. Go to the USDA Poultry Programs Homepage to learn more.
An egg with a small air cell is a higher quality than an egg with a larger air cell. When an egg first laid, there is no air cell but as time goes on and the egg cools, an air cell forms and continues to grow in size because of the pores in the egg shell itself. The air cell can be measured by using an air cell gauge, which is a card that is held up to the egg while candling. An example of an air cell gauge can be seen below.
The size class of a dozen eggs can be determined by weighing them. Use the chart below to classify your flock’s eggs:
Each package of eggs must be labeled with the following information:
All eggs destined for sale off-farm must be stored between 33°F and 41°F. They also must be transported in a clean and sanitary environment, and maintained at this temperature while being offered for sale.
Print the Egg Producer / Dealer License Application. Fill in all the information in the spaces provided. If you are a small-flock egg producer with fewer than 3,000 birds, complete the Producer Questionnaire on the 2nd page of the application. Submit the application with the Class I License fee to the address shown on the application. Upon approval, the license will be issued. An inspector will contact you for an inspection.