From automated teller machines and atomic clocks to mammograms and semiconductors, innumerable products and services rely in some way on technology, measurement, and standards provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Founded in 1901, NIST is a non-regulatory federal agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce. NIST's mission is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.
In today's information economy, trust is the necessary foundation for secure interoperability, and central to the successful realization of what's possible on the Web. From the user perspective as well as that of the deploying organization, it's an issue of who is trusted with what -- and that requires policy, business and technology understanding and infrastructure. Thus the Liberty Alliance emerged: a first-of-its-kind standards organization with a global membership that provides a holistic approach to identity.
OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a not-for-profit consortium that drives the development, convergence and adoption of open standards for the global information society. The consortium produces more Web services standards than any other organization along with standards for security, e-business, and standardization efforts in the public sector and for application-specific markets. Founded in 1993, OASIS has more than 5,000 participants representing over 600 organizations and individual members in 100 countries.
Smart Card Alliance
The Smart Card Alliance was established to accelerate the widespread adoption, usage, and application of smart card technology by bringing together leading users and technologists from both the public and private sectors in an open forum to address industry issues and create new opportunities for all. Alliance membership includes over 150 U.S.-based and international organizations covering the full spectrum industry suppliers, integrators, and end user groups.
An open identity framework designed to integrate identity, profile and social relationship information across multiple sites, applications and devices.
InCommon eliminates the need for researchers, students, and educators to maintain multiple, passwords and usernames. Online service providers no longer need to maintain user accounts. Identity providers manage the levels of their users' privacy and information exchange. InCommon uses SAML-based SAML-based authentication and authorization systems (such as Shibboleth®) to enable scalable, trusted collaborations among its community of participants.
Open Security Exchange
The Open Security Exchange was created to address today's most significant security challenge -- the lack of integration between various components of the security infrastructure. The Open Security Exchange is a cross-industry forum dedicated to delivering vendor-neutral interoperability specifications and best practices guidelines in the area of security management. This enables organizations to more efficiently mitigate risk, optimize their security postures and enforce privacy policies.