What is Biomonitoring?
Biomonitoring is the laboratory analysis of blood, urine, serum, saliva, and other body fluids to identify the burden of natural and synthetic chemicals present in the human body.
When combined with a nationwide system for tracking chronic diseases, biomonitoring can provide the information necessary for public health departments, health care providers, and policymakers to identify and address public health threats.
A 1999 study of biomonitoring data provided information for the first National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, published in 2001 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); the report can be accessed at www.cdc.gov/exposurereport/.
Biomonitoring is an important part of a nationwide chronic disease monitoring and tracking network in the United States. It identifies amounts of toxins present in the human body which can then be compared to environmental hazard tracking and chronic disease tracking to determine relationships between exposures to environmental hazards and certain diseases.