||Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are infections caused by a wide variety of common and unusual pathogens such as bacteria, fungi and viruses during the course of receiving medical care. HAI can have devastating impacts on patients’ lives and are costly for patients, healthcare payers, health facilities and consumers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports the annual direct medical costs of HAIs to hospitals in the United States ranges from $28.4 to $33.8 billion for urban consumers and $35.7 billion to $45 billion for inpatient hospital services. One study found the estimated total number of HAIs in 2002 was approximately 1.7 million.
Other communicable diseases